Mediterranean Gull / Ichthyaetus melanocephalus

Mediterranean Gull / Ichthyaetus melanocephalus

Mediterranean Gull

SCI Name:  Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Protonym:  Larus melanocephalus Man.Orn.[Temminck].ed.2 ed.2, 2 p.777
Category:  Charadriiformes / Laridae /
Taxonomy Code:  medgul1
Type Locality:  Coasts of the Adriatic Sea.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1820
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ichthyaetus
Gr. ιχθυς ikhthus  fish; αετος aetos  eagle.

Ichthyaetus
● (syn. Ichthyophaga Ϯ Grey-headed Fish Eagle I. ichthyaetus) Specific name Falco ichthyaetus Horsfield, 1821; "3. Untergeschlecht. Sperberaare, Ichthyaëtus *), Lafr. (humilis, Müller, ichthyaëtus, Horsf.)  ...  *) Der Name Ichthyaëtus ist hier besser angewandt, als ich ihn bei den Möven gebrauchte" (Kaup 1844) (see Ichthyetus).   Var. Ichthyiaetus, Ichtyaetos.
● (syn. Larus Ϯ Great Black-headed Gull L. ichthyaetus) Specific name Larus ichthyaetus Pallas, 1773; "Rabenmöve. Ichthyaëtus.  E[ntwickelung]. Wie bei Larus.  Ch[arakter]. Riesenmäßige Krähenmöven.  L[ebensart]. Hierin gleichen sie den Krähenmöven; sind aber mehr räuberischer Natur" (Kaup 1829); given in allusion to the predatory habits of the Great Black-headed Gull. In Kaup's list this entry was followed by that of "Rabe. Corvus".  Var. Ichthaetus.
● (syn. Pandion Ϯ Osprey P. haliaetus) Gr. ιχθυς ikhthus, ιχθυος ikhthuos  fish; αετος aetos  eagle; "Common Osprey, Ichthyaëtus piscivorus.‡  ...  ‡ Here the fish-eating is given both as a general and specific character, which is decidedly objectionable.—ED." (Sweeting 1837) (OD per Björn Bergenholtz).   Var. Icthyaetus, Ichthyaeetus, Ichthiyaetus, Ichtyaetos.

melanocephala / melanocephalon / melanocephalos / melanocephalum / melanocephalus
Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; -κεφαλος -kephalos  -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head.
● ex “Black-headed Shrike” of Latham 1783 (syn. Brachypodius atriceps).
● ex “Pato cabeza negra” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 438 (syn. Heteronetta atricapilla).
● ex “Manakin à tête noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 303, fig. 1 (syn. Manacus manacus).
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  melanocephalus.  33. P. brachiurus viridis subtus luteus, pileo nigro, pectore albo. Mus. Ad. Fr. 2. p.  Psittacus coccineus, ventre albo. Edw. av. 169. t. 169.  Habitat in Mexico." (Linnaeus 1758) (Pionites).
● "96. LOXIA.  ...  melanocephala.  26. L. lutea, capite atro.  Coccothraustes gambogia. Alb. av. 3. p. 58. t. 62.  Habitat in Gvinea." (Linnaeus 1758) (Ploceus).
● ex “Pluvian du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 918, and de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Black-headed Plover” of Latham 1785 (syn. Pluvianus aegyptius).
● ex “Black-headed Ibis” of Latham 1787, and “Tantalus de Macé” of Cuvier 1804 (Threskiornis).
● ex “Black-headed Roller” of Latham 1787 (syn. Urocissa erythrorhyncha).
● ex “Pie Bleue à Tête Noire” of Levaillant 1800, pl. 58 (unident.; ?syn. Urocissa sp.).