New Caledonian Nightjar / Eurostopodus exul
New Caledonian Nightjar
Protonym: Eurostopodus mystacalis exul Am.Mus.Novit. no.1152 p.1-7
Taxonomy: Caprimulgiformes / Caprimulgidae / Eurostopodus
Taxonomy Code: necnig2
Publish Year: 1941
IUCN Status: Critically Endangered
(Caprimulgidae; Ϯ White-throated Nightjar E. mystacalis) Gr. ευρωστος eurōstos strong, stout; πους pous, ποδος podos foot; "Genus EUROSTOPODUS. GEN. CHAR. Bill somewhat more produced and stouter than in Caprimulgus; nostrils lateral and linear; rictus entirely devoid of bristles, but furnished with short, weak, divided and branching hairs; wings longer and more powerful than in Caprimulgus; first and second quills equal, and longest; tail moderately long and nearly square; tarsi stout, and clothed anteriorly for their whole length; toes short, thick and fleshy; outer ones equal, and united to the middle one by a membrane for more than half their length; nail of the middle toe strongly pectinated on the inner side. TYPES. Caprimulgus guttatus, Vig. and Horsf. in Linn. Trans. vol. xv. p. 192. Caprimulgus albogularis, Ib. p. 194, note." (Gould 1838); "Eurostopodus Gould, Syn. Bds. Austr., pt. 4, April, 1838, app., p. 1. Type, by subsequent designation, Caprimulgus guttatus Vigors and Horsfield. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 7.) Also described as a new genus in Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1837 (May), 1838, p. 142." (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 189).
Var. Eurostopdus, Eurostopus, Eurystopodus.
L. exsul or exul exile < ex out of; solum country, land.
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)