New Guinea Woodcock / Scolopax rosenbergii

New Guinea Woodcock / Scolopax rosenbergii

New Guinea Woodcock

SCI Name:  Scolopax rosenbergii
Protonym:  Scolopax Rosenbergii Nederl.Tijdschr.Dierk. 4 p.54
Category:  Charadriiformes / Scolopacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  duswoo3
Type Locality:  Arfak Mountains, New Guinea.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1871
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

SCOLOPAX
(Scolopacidae; Ϯ Eurasian Woodcock S. rusticola) L. scolopax, scolopacis  snipe, woodcock  < Gr. σκολοπαξ skolopax, σκολοπακος skolopakos  woodcock  < ασκαλωπας askalōpas or ασκαλοπας askalopas  woodcock; "77. SCOLOPAX.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum, capite longius.  Pedes tetradactyli: postico pluribus articulis insistente.   ...   Species Scolopacum, Tringarum &c. difficillime distinguuntur, ætate sexuque mutabiles, colore parum distinctæ; quæ pedibus sunt rubris a reliquis probe observandæ, cum pedes non varient.   ...   Scolopaces digitis quatuor insistunt, per paludes vadant. Tringæ per campos littoraque currunt vix digito postico insistentes, uti rite Cel. Kleynius notavit." (Linnaeus 1758); "Scolopax Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 145. Type, by tautonymy, Scolopax rusticola Linné (Scolopax, prebinomial specific name in synonymy)." (Peters 1934, II, 278). Linnaeus's Scolopax comprised fourteen species (S. rubra, S. alba, S. fusca, S. Totanus, S. Arquata, S. Phæopus, S. Rusticola, S. Fedoa, S. Glottis, S. Limosa, S. Gallinago, S. lapponica, S. Ægocephala, S. Hæmatica). Until the early 1800s Scolopax was used in a very broad sense, and included various snipe, sandpipers, godwits and curlew.
Var. Scopolax, Soclopax, Siolopax.
Synon. Microptera, Neoscolopax, Parascolopax, Philohela, Rubicola, Rusticola.

scolopax
L. scolopax, scolopacis  woodcock, snipe (e.g. barred, striped)  < Gr. σκολοπαξ skolopax, σκολοπακος skolopakos  woodcock  < ασκαλωπας askalōpas or ασκαλοπας askalopas  woodcock (syn. Burhinus oedicnemus).

rosenbergi / rosenbergii
● William Frederick Henry Rosenberg (1868-1957) British natural history dealer, collector in tropical America (Amazilia, syn. Erythrothlypis salmoni, Nyctiphrynus, subsp. Pittasoma rufopileatum, subsp. Rhytipterna holerythra, subsp. Schiffornis veraepacis, syn. Sipia nigricauda, subsp. Xiphorhynchus susurrans).
● Carl Benjamin Hermann Freiherr von Rosenberg (1817-1888) German naturalist, surveyor, collector in the East Indies (Gymnocrex, syn. Mino anais orientalisMyzomela, Pitta, syn. Rhipidura threnothorax, Scolopax, Trichoglossus, Tyto).