Noble Snipe / Gallinago nobilis

Noble Snipe / Gallinago nobilis

Noble Snipe

SCI Name:  Gallinago nobilis
Protonym:  Gallinago nobilis Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt24 no.302 p.31
Category:  Charadriiformes / Scolopacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  nobsni1
Type Locality:  Bogota, Colombia.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1856
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

GALLINAGO
(Scolopacidae; Ϯ Common Snipe G. gallinago) Specific name Scolopax Gallinago Linnaeus, 1758; "**2. LA BECCASSINE.  ...  GALLINAGO.  ...  Elle se tient dans des endroits marécageux, & le long des petits ruisseaux." (Brisson 1760): based on "Gallinago" of Brisson 1760, Scolopax Gallinago Linnaeus, 1758, and "Scolopax" or "Capella" of other authors; "LXXVI Gattung.  Gräser. Gallinago.  (Tab. IX. A. Fig. 73.)  Schnabel: Sehr lang, gerade, walzenförmig; die untere Kinnlade vom Grunde aus etwas breiter als die obere; die Spitzenkolbe stärker  als bei der Schnepfe, von oben breiter, und in der Mitte mit einer Längerinne versehen, im Leben glatt, im Tode runzlich; die Seitenlängefurchen bis fast zur Schnabelspitze gehend; die Mundkanten hervorstehend.  Nasenlöcher: Zweimal so lang als ihre Entfernung vom Schnabelgrunde, länglich oval, und etwas schief liegend.  Zunge: Sehr lang, bis fast zur Schnabelspitze gehend, pfriemenförmig, dünn, oben etwas rinnenförmig; an dem Hinterrand zu jeder Seite der Mitte drei Zähne, wovon der äußerste den stärkern Ekzahn ausmaeht; auf diesen Ekzahn noch ein viertes und unter demselben noch zwei kleinere Zähnchen: im Ganzen am Hinterterrand 12 Zähne; die Seitenränder hinten glatt, und nicht gezähnt.   ...   Drei Arten.  194. Großer Gräser.  Gallinago major ...  Scolopax major. Gmel. Linn. S. I. p. 661. n. 36.  Scolopax paludosa. Daselbst p. 661. n. 35.  Scolopax media. Bechst. orn. T. p. 280. = Meyers u. Wolfs T. p. 362.  ...  Name: An dem Bodensee großer Gräßer.   ...   195. Halb-Gräser. Gallinago media.  ...  Scolopax Gallinago. Gmel. Linn. S. I. p. 662. N. 7. = Schrank f. b. B. I. p. 216. n. 189. = Bechst. orn. T. p. 280. = Meyers und Wolfs T. p. 363.  ...  Name: Beccassine, an dem Bodensee Gräser.   ...   196. Kleiner Gräser. Gallinago minor.  ...  Scolopacx [sic] Gallinula. Gmel. Linn. S. I. p. 662. n. 8. = Schrank f. b. B. I. p. 216. n. 190. = Bechst. orn. T. p. 281. = Meyers und Wolfs T. p. 364.  ...  Name: Kleine Beccassine, Bokerle, kleiner Gräser." (Koch 1816); "Gallinago KOCH, Syst. Baier. Zool., 1816, 312. Type, by tautonymy, Gallinago media KOCH = Scolopax gallinago LINNÆUS." (AOU Check-List, ed. 3, 1910, p. 110); "GALLINAGO Brisson, 1760  F— "Gallinago" Brisson; type by tautonymy = Scolopax gallinago Linnaeus, 1758 ...  8 For suppression of Capella see Direction 39 (I.C.Z.N., 1956). That name was used by Peters (1934)." (Dickinson and Remsen (eds.), H. & M. Complete Checklist, 4th ed., 2013, 1 (Non-passerines), p. 214).   
Synon. Capella, Chubbia, Ditelmatias, Enalias, Eugallinago, Homoptilura, Homoscolopax, Macrodura, Nemoricola, Neospilura, Odura, Odurella, Pelorychus, Spilura, Subspilura, Telmatias, Xylocota.

gallinago
Late Med. L. gallinago woodcock, snipe (Turner 1544) < L. gallina hen  < gallus  cockerel; -ago resembling; probably from the speckled brown plumage, halting progress, and sudden cries of the Common Snipe; "77. SCOLOPAX.  ...  Gallinago.  11. S. rostro recto apice tuberculato, pedibus fuscis, lineis frontis fuscis quaternis.  Numenius capite lineis 4, fuscis longitudinalibus, rostri apice tuberculoso, femoribus seminudis. Faun. svec. 143.  Gallinago minor. Gesn. av. 503. Aldr. orn. l. 20. c. 53. Will. orn. 214. Raj. av. 105. n. 2. Alb. av. I. p. 68. t. 71.  Habitat in Europa.  Hæc Capella cœlestis cujus mas tam alte celerrimeque volitat, ut audiri, non vero oculis attingi possit." (Linnaeus 1758) (Gallinago).

nobilis
L. nobilis  admirable, famous, renowned, noble, high-born, nobleman  < noscere  to acknowledge.
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  nobilis.  4. P. macrourus viridis, genis nudis, humeris coccineis. Mus. Ad. Fr. 2. p.  Psittacus viridis, alarum costa superne rubente. Aldr. orn. l. 11. c. 5. Raj. av. 30, 181. Sloan. jam. 2. p. 297.  Psittacus mediae magnitudinis. Will. orn. 112. t. 16.  Habitat in America meridionali." (Linnaeus 1758) (Diopsittaca).
● “The yellow tufts of costal feathers on this beautiful bird, furnished the material for the splendid and costly royal robes, capes, and “lei’s,” or head-dresses of the Hawaiians in former days. The bunches of feathers called hulu... are still prepared and received in payment of a poll tax to the King; they are afterwards made up principally in “lei’s”, or head-bands worn by the ladies, and are beautiful but costly ornaments; but few can afford to wear them. The mantles made of these feathers, were, until lately, considered the principal treasures of the crown; now they are not to be seen; the labour of collecting the feathers and attaching them to a network base – a labour of years – being too great” (Peale 1848) (‡Moho).
● “Its large size and the great development of the feathers of its crown and beard render it a remarkable bird to look at; and the admirable way in which the original skins were prepared justify the large price of twenty pounds which I had to pay for my first specimen” (Gould 1880-1887) (Oreonympha). 
● Adolf Friedrich Albrecht Heinrich Herzog zu Mecklenburg (1873-1969) German naturalist, collector, explorer in tropical Africa 1907-1911, Gov. of Togoland 1912-1914 (Michel Rieser & Laurent Raty in litt.) (Pternistis).