Garnet Pitta / Erythropitta granatina

Garnet Pitta / Erythropitta granatina

Garnet Pitta

SCI Name:  Erythropitta granatina
Protonym:  Pitta granatina Pl.Col. livr.85 pl.506
Category:  Passeriformes / Pittidae /
Taxonomy Code:  garpit1
Type Locality:  Pontianak, Borneo.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1830
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ERYTHROPITTA
(Pittidae; Macklot's Pitta E. macklotii) Gr. ερυθρος eruthros  red; genus Pitta Vieillot, 1816, pitta; "They are characterized by the unpatterned face and throat; breast band distinct from belly patch; belly all red; and no prominent turquoise shoulder patch" (Beehler & Pratt 2016); "Erythropitta, Bp. — 187. mackloti, Temm. — 188. celebensis, Forst. — 189. erythrogastra, Cuv. — 190. venusta, Mull. — 191. granatina, Temm. (coccinea, Eyt.)" (Bonaparte 1854); "Erythropitta Bonaparte, 1854, Conspectus Volucrum Anisodactylorum, p. 7.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 144 (Appendix)), Pitta macklotii Temminck, 1834." (JAJ 2021).
Synon. Monilipitta, Phoeniocichla, Purpureipitta.

GRANATINA
(Estrildidae; Ϯ Violet-eared Waxbill G. granatina) Specific name Fringilla granatina Linnaeus, 1766 (cf. dim. < Med. L. granatus  garnet); “h'. Tail longer than wing, exceeding it by less than length of tarsus.  ...  q". Inner secondaries not perceptibly elongated; second primary falcated.  42. GRANATINA, p. 403.   ...   42. GRANATINA*.  Range. Confined to South Africa.   1. Granatina granatina.  The Red and Blue Brasilian Finch, Edwards, Nat. Hist. B. iv. pl. 191 (1751).  Le Grenadin, Briss. Orn. iii. p. 216, pl. ix. fig. 3 (1760)   ...  *‘Granatinæ’ was the name proposed by Bonaparte for a section of the genus Estrelda (Consp. i. p. 458). It has been mentioned by several authors as a genus Granatina, and for that reason I retain the name, but it has never been described.” (Sharpe 1890); "Granatina1 Sharpe, 1890, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 13, p. [203 (in key),] 403. Type, by tautonymy, Fringilla granatina Linnaeus.  ...  1 "Granatinae" Bonaparte (1851?, Consp. Avium, 1 (1850), p. 458) is a vernacular name, and its appearance in the synonymy of Uraeginthus in G. R. Gray (1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds, p. 76) does not make it available." (Traylor in Peters, 1968, XIV, p. 332).

granatina
● Med. L. granata or granatus  garnet; "les taches métalliques de ses ailes ressemblent à des grenats." (Bonaparte 1855) (syn. Columbina passerina albivitta).
● French grenadier  grenadier; ex “Brêve grenadin” of Temminck 1830 (Erythropitta).
● French grenadier  grenadier; ex “Red and Blue Brasilian Finch” of Edwards 1751, and “Grenadin” of Brisson 1760 (Granatina).

SUBSPECIES

Garnet Pitta (granatina)
SCI Name: Erythropitta granatina granatina
GRANATINA
(Estrildidae; Ϯ Violet-eared Waxbill G. granatina) Specific name Fringilla granatina Linnaeus, 1766 (cf. dim. < Med. L. granatus  garnet); “h'. Tail longer than wing, exceeding it by less than length of tarsus.  ...  q". Inner secondaries not perceptibly elongated; second primary falcated.  42. GRANATINA, p. 403.   ...   42. GRANATINA*.  Range. Confined to South Africa.   1. Granatina granatina.  The Red and Blue Brasilian Finch, Edwards, Nat. Hist. B. iv. pl. 191 (1751).  Le Grenadin, Briss. Orn. iii. p. 216, pl. ix. fig. 3 (1760)   ...  *‘Granatinæ’ was the name proposed by Bonaparte for a section of the genus Estrelda (Consp. i. p. 458). It has been mentioned by several authors as a genus Granatina, and for that reason I retain the name, but it has never been described.” (Sharpe 1890); "Granatina1 Sharpe, 1890, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 13, p. [203 (in key),] 403. Type, by tautonymy, Fringilla granatina Linnaeus.  ...  1 "Granatinae" Bonaparte (1851?, Consp. Avium, 1 (1850), p. 458) is a vernacular name, and its appearance in the synonymy of Uraeginthus in G. R. Gray (1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds, p. 76) does not make it available." (Traylor in Peters, 1968, XIV, p. 332).

Garnet Pitta (coccinea)
SCI Name: Erythropitta granatina coccinea
coccinea
L. coccineus  scarlet-coloured  < coccum scarlet dye  < Gr. κοκκος kokkos  scarlet berry.
● ex “Tangara du Mississippi” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 741 (syn. Piranga rubra).