Blue-banded Pitta / Erythropitta arquata

Blue-banded Pitta / Erythropitta arquata

Blue-banded Pitta

SCI Name:  Erythropitta arquata
Protonym:  Pitta (Phoenicocichla) arquata Ann.Mag.Nat.Hist.(4), 7 p.340
Category:  Passeriformes / Pittidae /
Taxonomy Code:  blbpit1
Type Locality:  Borneo. [Salvadori''s emendation (1874) to arcuata has been universally adopted for the last 100 years.]
Author:  
Publish Year:  1871
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ERYTHROPITTA
(Pittidae; Macklot's Pitta E. macklotii) Gr. ερυθρος eruthros  red; genus Pitta Vieillot, 1816, pitta; "They are characterized by the unpatterned face and throat; breast band distinct from belly patch; belly all red; and no prominent turquoise shoulder patch" (Beehler & Pratt 2016); "Erythropitta, Bp. — 187. mackloti, Temm. — 188. celebensis, Forst. — 189. erythrogastra, Cuv. — 190. venusta, Mull. — 191. granatina, Temm. (coccinea, Eyt.)" (Bonaparte 1854); "Erythropitta Bonaparte, 1854, Conspectus Volucrum Anisodactylorum, p. 7.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 144 (Appendix)), Pitta macklotii Temminck, 1834." (JAJ 2021).
Synon. Monilipitta, Phoeniocichla, Purpureipitta.

arquata
● L. arquatus or arcuatus  bow-shaped  < arquus or arcus  bow, rainbow (syn. Calidris ferruginea, Cichladusa, Erythropitta).
● Med. L. arquata curlew < L. arcuatus bow-shaped < arcus bow; “It is generally said ...to be derived from the bird’s bill being bent like a bow, arcus; but it more likely refers to arquatus morbus = the jaundice “when the skin turns to the yellow colour of the rainbow” in allusion to the legend about Charadrius, Galbula, Icterus, etc.” (BOU 1915); "77. SCOLOPAX.  ...  Arquata.  5. S. rostro rostro arcuato, pedibus cærulescentibus, alis nigris maculis niveis. Fn. svec. 139.  Numenius s. Arquata. Gesn. av. 222. Aldr. orn. l. 20. c. 21. Will. orn. 216. t. 54. f. 1. 2. Raj. av. 103. Alb. av. I. p. 75. t. 79. Mars. danub. . . t. 17.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Numenius).

Arquata
• (Scolopacidae; syn. Numenius Eurasian Curlew N. arquata) Med. L. arquata  curlew  < L. arcuatus  bow-shaped  < arcus  bow; "ARQUATA cinerea. Flamant gris.  Il faut placer cet oiseau sous le genre d'Arquata avec Gesner un des plus sçavans hommes de son siécle, à qui l'histoire naturelle est si rédevable. Arquatam, dit-il, hanc avem latine vocare volui, quod rostrum ejus inflectatur instar arcus  Gesn. de avibus lib. 3. p. 196.  On donne à Cayenne le nom de Flamant à toutes ces especes d'Arquata; mais le véritable Flamant est le Phœnicopterus dont nous parlerons plus bas" (Barrère 1741); "2612. NUMENIUS, L. 1746.  Numenius, p., L. 1735.  Tantalus, Lacép. 1800-1.  Cractiornis, G. R. Gr. 1841.  Arquata, Barr. 1745.  G. of B. iii. p. 569. pl. 153; Reich. S. A. t. 14. f." (G. Gray 1871); "Arquata G. Gray, 1871, Hand-list Genera Species Birds, III, p. 42.  Type, by original designation and tautonymy, Arquata Barr., i.e. Scolopax arquata Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2021).
• (Numididae; syn. Numida Helmeted Guineafowl N. meleagris) L. arquatus  bow-shaped, curved  < arquus or arcus  bow, rainbow; "Als Sippe hieher: Perlhuhn (Arquata (Nob.) oder Numida Meleagris).  Schnabel kurz, dick; Scheitel mit Knochenhöcker oder Federbusch.  Füße unbefiedert, ungespornt. Schieferfarbig, mit weißen Fleckchen ganz besäet; Kopf und Halshaut blaulich.  In Afrika (Guinea) heerdenweis." (Gistel 1848); "Arquata Gistel, 1848, Naturgesch. Thierreichs für höhere Schulen, p. 92.  Alternative name for Numida Linnaeus, 1766." (JAJ 2020).