Painted Quail-thrush / Cinclosoma ajax

Painted Quail-thrush / Cinclosoma ajax

Painted Quail-thrush

SCI Name:  Cinclosoma ajax
Protonym:  Eupetes ajax Pl.Col. livr.97 pl.573
Category:  Passeriformes / Cinclosomatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  paqthr1
Type Locality:  Lobo [lat. 3° 45'' S., long. 134° 05'' E.], New Guinea.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1836
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CINCLOSOMA
(Cinclosomatidae; Ϯ Spotted Quailthrush C. punctatum) Mod. L. cinclus  thrush  < Gr. κιγκλος kinklos  unidentified tail-wagging waterside bird; Gr. σωμα sōma, σωματος sōmatos  body; “Genus.  CINCLOSOMA*.   ...  The birds of this genus appear to belong to that subdivision of the Thrushes, which by the weaker conformation of the bill opens a passage to the slender-billed Warblers. They deviate very considerably from the typical form of the Merulidæ. Besides the more gracile shape of the bill, the nares may be observed to be linear and longitudinal, instead of being rounded, as in the true Turdi. The wings are short and rounded, the first quill-feather being of moderate length, and the next gradually increasing; they thus differ from the wings of Turdus, where the four quill-feathers succeeding the first are nearly of equal length, and the first almost spurious. The tail is long and graduated, which in the true Thrushes is even; and the scales on the acrotarsia are strongly conspicuous, while the tarsi of the Thrushes are entire. The genus appears very nearly allied to Timalia, Horsf., in its general conformation.  ...   1. PUNCTATUM.   ...   Turdus punctatus.  Lath. Ind. Orn. Supp. p. xliv. no. 23.  Punctated Thrush. Id. Gen. Hist. v. p. 130. no. 169.   ...   *Kιγκλος turdus, and σωμα corpus.” (Vigors & Horsfield 1827); "Cinclosoma Vigors and Horsfield, 1827, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15 (1826), p. 219. Type, by monotypy, Turdus punctatus Latham, 1801 = Turdus punctatus Shaw, 1794." (Deignan in Peters, 1964, X, p. 231).
Synon. Ajax, Malleeavis, Samuela.

ajax
Gr. myth. Ajax, hero of the Trojan War.
● Temminck 1835, gave the name “Eupète ajax” to the Painted Quailthrush because of its large size (Cinclosoma).

Ajax
(Cinclosomatidaesyn. Cinclosoma Ϯ Painted Quailthrush C. ajax) Specific name Eupetes ajax Temminck, 1835. "[Pie-grièches] Motacilles.  G.: Enicura, Temm. — Asie. — Ajax, Less. — Asie. — (Eupetes, Pars, Temm.)" (Lesson 1839); "Ajax Lesson, 1837, Hist. Nat. Mamm. Ois. découverts depuis 1788, 8, p. 435. Type, by tautonymy and monotypy, Eupetes ajax Temminck." (Deignan in Peters 1964, X, p. 231).

SUBSPECIES

Painted Quail-thrush (ajax)
SCI Name: Cinclosoma ajax ajax
ajax
Gr. myth. Ajax, hero of the Trojan War.
● Temminck 1835, gave the name “Eupète ajax” to the Painted Quailthrush because of its large size (Cinclosoma).

Painted Quail-thrush (muscale)
SCI Name: Cinclosoma ajax muscale
muscale / muscalis
L. musca  fly  < Gr. μυια muia, μυιας muias  fly; -alis  pertaining to (cf. ala, alae  wing).
● Upper Fly River, New Guinea (subsp. Cinclosoma ajax).
● Middle Fly River, New Guinea (subsp. Megalurus timoriensis).

Painted Quail-thrush (alare)
SCI Name: Cinclosoma ajax alare
alare
L. alarius or alaris of the wing, upon the wing (originally the wing of an army) < ala wing.

Painted Quail-thrush (goldiei)
SCI Name: Cinclosoma ajax goldiei
goldiei / goldii
Andrew Goldie (1840-1891) Scottish botanist, soldier of fortune, explorer, collector in New Guinea (subsp. Cinclosoma ajax, subsp. Macropygia amboinensis, syn. Melidora macrorrhina, subsp. Ninox theomacha, Psitteuteles).