Protonym: Calothorax micrurus Monogr.Trochil. pt7 pl.2,text
Taxonomy: Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae / Myrmia
Taxonomy Code: shtwoo1
Type Locality: Peru.
Publish Year: 1854
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Short-tailed Woodstar M. micrura) Gr. μυρον muron charming, graceful, sweet; μυια muia, μυιας muias fly (i.e. very small bird); "LES ACESTURAIRES ... Genre Myrmia, MULSANT. micrura, GOULD. — Bolivie." (Mulsant 1876); "Myrmia Mulsant, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon (n.s.), 22, 1876, p. 228. Type, by monotypy, Calothorax micrurus Gould." (Peters 1945, V, 139).
Gr. μικρος mikros small, short; -ουρος -ouros -tailed < ουρα oura tail.
(syn. Pnoepyga Ϯ Scaly-breasted Wren Babbler P. albiventer) Gr. μικρος mikros short, small; ουρα oura tail; "Genus MICROURA, Gould. ... MICROURA SQUAMATA, Gould. Scaly-breasted Little-tail. ... THIS curious little bird is almost tailless, this organ being so slightly developed that it consists of merely the rudiments of a few weak downy feathers scarcely one-fourth of an inch in length. Besides my own specimens, which were received from the Himalaya, I have examined two others from Nepâl, all of which were alike in the rudimentary nature of the tail-feathers; I am consequently led to believe that this character is permanent and have named it accordingly" (Gould 1837); "Microura Gould, 1837, Icones Avium, pt. 1, pl. . Type, by original designation and monotypy, Microura squamata Gould. Nomen oblitum.1 ... 1 This name has been placed on the Official Index of Rejected Names (Opinion 695)." (Deignan 1964 in Peters, X, 293). Var. Micrura.
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)