Prothonotary Warbler / Protonotaria citrea
Protonym: Motacilla citrea TablePlanchesEnlum. p.44
Taxonomy: Passeriformes / Parulidae / Protonotaria
Taxonomy Code: prowar
Type Locality: Louisiana.
Publish Year: 1783
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Parulidae; Ϯ Prothonotary Warbler P. citrea) Specific name Motacilla protonotarius J. Gmelin, 1789; "71. Protonotaria, Bd. ... 169. Protonotaria citrea, (Bodd.) Baird. Prothonotary Warbler. ... PROTONOTARIA— Bill conical, compressed towards the end. Measured from the extreme base, as long as the head, and longer than the middle toe; hind claw but little shorter than its digit; the middle toe and claw only three-fourths of the tarsus. ... PROTONOTARIA, Baird. The diagnosis of this section will be found in the synopsis of the genera under the head of Mniotilteae. It is well characterized by its long, distinctly notched bill, and long wings, which are an inch longer than the slightly graduated tail, (the lateral feathers about .12 of an inch shorter.) The under tail coverts are very long, reaching within half an inch of the tip of the tail. The tarsi and hind toe are proportionally longer than in the true warblers. The notch and great size of the bill distinguishes it from the swamp warblers. The only North American species belonging to the group appears to be the old Sylvia protonotaria of Gm. PROTONOTARIA CITREA, Baird. Prothonotary Warbler." (Baird 1858); "Protonotaria Baird, 1858, in Baird, Cassin, and Lawrence, Rept. Expl. Surv. R. R. Pacific, 9, pp. xix, xxxi, 235, 239. Type, by monotypy, Motacilla protonotarius Gmelin = Motacilla citrea Boddaert." (Lowery & Monroe in Peters, 1968, XIV, pp. 37-38) (see protonotarius).
L. citreus citrine < citrus citrus tree, citron.
● ex “Figuier à ventre et tête jaunes de la Louisiane” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 704, fig. 2 (Protonotaria).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)