Purple-throated Mountain-gem / Lampornis calolaemus

Purple-throated Mountain-gem / Lampornis calolaemus

Purple-throated Mountain-gem

SCI Name:  Lampornis calolaemus
Protonym:  Oreopyra calolaema Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1864) (1864), Pt3 p.584
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  ptmgem
Type Locality:  'Volcan de Cartago'' i.e. Volcan de Irazii, Costa Rica.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1865
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

LAMPORNIS
(Trochilidae; Amethyst-throated Hummingbird L. amethystinus) Gr. λαμπη lampē  torch, light; ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos  bird; "G. LAMPORNIS.  Swainson in Zool. Journ. No. 10.   100. Lampornis amethystinus. Sw.   Green; chin and upper part of the throat amethystine; ears black, margined above with white; tail black.  Female?  Tableland.  Temiscaltipec.  Real del Monte." (Swainson 1827 (June)); "Lampornis Swainson, Philos. Mag. (n.s.), 1, June, 1827, p. 442.  Type, by monotypy, Lampornis amethystinus Swainson." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 80). 
Synon. Chariessa, Coeligena, Cyanolaemus, Delattria, Himelia, Leuconympha, Oreopyra, Prodosia.
• (Trochilidae; syn. Anthracothorax Jamaican Mango A. mango) "LAMPORNIS.  Rostrum sub-arcuatum. Cauda brevis, æqualis.  Types. 1. T. mango, L.  2. pella, L.  3. niger. Sw., Zool. Ill.   Bill arched.  Tail short, even." (Swainson 1827); "Lampornis Swainson, 1827 (Dec.), Zoological Journal, III, p. 358.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 13), L. mango (L.) Swains., i.e. Trochilus mango Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2020).
• (Trochilidae; syn. Florisuga † White-necked Jacobin F. mellivora) "LES LAMPORNIS.  Lampornis, Swains.  ...  ESP. 20.  OISEAU-MOUCHE JACOBINE.  Ornismya mellivora, N. pl. XXI (mâle), et XXII (femelle)." (Lesson 1829) (twenty-seven further 'espèces' are listed); "Lampornis Lesson, 1829, Hist. Nat. Oiseaux-Mouches, p. xxiij.  Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 47), Florisuga mellivora, i.e. Trochilus mellivorus Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2020).
• (Trochilidae; syn. Topaza † Crimson Topaz T. pella) Reichenbach's 1850, plate XXXIX, labelled Trochilinae: Avocettulinae.Polytminae, includes the distinctive features and head-pattern of the Crimson Topaz; "Lampornis Reichenbach, 1850, Avium Systema Naturale, pl. XXXIX (no specific names given).  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 21), Trochilus pella Linnaeus, 1758." (JAJ 2020).

calolaema / calolaemus
Gr. καλος kalos  beautiful; λαιμος laimos  throat.

SUBSPECIES

Purple-throated Mountain-gem (pectoralis)
SCI Name: Lampornis calolaemus pectoralis
pectorale / pectoralis
L. pectoralis  of the breast, pectoral  < pectus, pectoris  breast.
● ex “Engoulevent à collier” of Levaillant 1806 (Caprimulgus).
● ex “Janfréderic” of Levaillant 1801-1804, pl. 111 (syn. Cossypha caffra).
● ex “Austral Quail” of Latham 1823 (Coturnix).
● ex “Gold-breasted Manakin” of Latham 1801 (Euphonia).
● ex “Petit Merle brun à gorge rousse de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 644, fig. 2, and “Yellow-breasted Thrush” of Latham 1785 (syn. Gymnopithys rufigula).
● ex “Red-breasted Snipe” of Montagu 1813 (syn. Limnodromus griseus).
● ex “Black-breasted Flycatcher” of Latham 1787 (Pachycephala).
● ex “Mbatuitui pecho listado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 389 (syn. Pluvialis dominica).
● ex “Tachurí pecho amarillo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 165 (Polystictus).
● ex “Black-breasted Grosbeak” of Latham 1783 (syn. Sporophila americana).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (artefact).
● ex “Hausse-Col Noir” of Levaillant 1802, pl. 110 (artefact).

Purple-throated Mountain-gem (calolaemus)
SCI Name: Lampornis calolaemus calolaemus
calolaema / calolaemus
Gr. καλος kalos  beautiful; λαιμος laimos  throat.

Purple-throated Mountain-gem (homogenes)
SCI Name: Lampornis calolaemus homogenes
homogenes
Gr. ὁμογενης homogenēs  of the same race or kind, kindred  < ὁμος homos  one and the same  < ὁμως homōs  alike; γενος genos  race, descent, family.