Red-bellied Woodpecker / Melanerpes carolinus

Red-bellied Woodpecker / Melanerpes carolinus

Red-bellied Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Melanerpes carolinus
Protonym:  Picus carolinus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.113
Taxonomy:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rebwoo
Type Locality:  North America == South Carolina.
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  


(Picidae; Ϯ Red-headed Woodpecker M. erythrocephalus) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; ἑρπης herpēs  creeper  < ἑρπω herpō  to crawl; "1. MELANERPES ERYTHROCEPHALUS. (Sw.)  Red-headed Woodpecker.   GENUS, Melanerpes*, SWAINS.   Sub-genus, (Typical form) SWAINS.   ...   This Woodpecker, so well known in the United States for the havoc it commits in the orchards, ranges in summer from the northern shores of Lake Huron to the Gulf of Mexico.   ...   *Th. μελας, niger, et ερπο, repo" (Swainson 1832); "Melanerpes Swainson, Fauna Bor.-Am., 2, 1831 (1832), p. 316. Type, by monotypy, Picus erythrocephalus Linné." (Peters 1948, VI, 157).
Var. Melanoherpes, Malanerpes.
Synon. Asyndesmus, Balanosphyra, Cactocraugus, Centurus, Chryserpes, Colombpicus, Leuconerpes, Leucopicus, Linneopicus, Melampicos, Meropicus, Phymatoblepharus, Trichopicus, Trichopipo, Tripsurus, Zebrapicus.

carolinense / carolinensis / caroliniana / carolinianus / carolinus
Carolina, the Carolinas or Carolina Colonies, North America. Ignoring the indigenous populations, this name was given by early European colonists to the vast swathe of North America between the Atlantic and the Mississippi, north of Spanish Florida and south of Virginia. Named after either Charles IX King of France (1550-1574; reigned 1560-1574) whose name was given in 1564 to the ill-fated Fort de la Caroline in French Florida, or after Charles I King of England (1600-1649; reigned 1625-1649) who granted a charter in 1629 to his attorney-general; the foundered charter was regranted in 1663 by Charles II King of England (1630-1685; reigned 1660-1685).
● ex “American Teal” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (Anas).
● ex “Goat Sucker of Carolina” of Catesby 1731, “Caprimulgus carolinensis” of Brisson 1760, “Engoulevent de la Caroline” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Short-winged Goatsucker” of Pennant 1785 (Antrostomus).
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  carolinensis.  8. P. macrourus viridis, capite collo genibusque luteis.  Psittacus carolinensis. Catesb. car. I. p. 11. t. 11.  Habitat in Carolina, Virginia." (Linnaeus 1758) (‡Conuropsis).
● ex “Figuier de la Caroline” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 58, fig. 1, “Olive Warbler” of Pennant 1785, and “Yellow Poll” of Latham 1785 (syn. Dendroica aestiva).
● ex “Cat-Bird” of Catesby 1731 (Dumetella).
● ex “Mauvis de la Caroline” (= ♀) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 556, fig. 2 (Euphagus).
● "54. PICUS.  ...  carolinus.  6. P. pileo nuchaque rubris, dorso fasciis nigris, rectricibus mediis albis nigro punctatis.  Picus ventre rubro. Catesb. car. I. p. 19. t. 19. f. 2.  Habitat in America septentrionaliAni regio rubra punctata." (Linnaeus 1758) (Melanerpes).
● ex “Piscator” of Ray 1711, “Fishing Hawk” of Catesby 1731, “Falco piscator Antillarum et Carolinensis” of Brisson 1763 (ex “Pecheur” of Dutertre 1667-1671), and “Faucon pecheur de la Caroline” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (subsp. Pandion haliaetus).
● ex “Charles-town Pelican” of Latham 1785, and Pennant 1785 (subsp. Pelecanus occidentalis).
● ex “Torchepot de la Caroline” of Brisson 1760 (Sitta).
● ex “Great Wren of Carolina” of Bartram 1791 (syn. Thryothorus ludovicianus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche de la Caroline” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 676 (syn. Tyrannus tyrannus).
● ex “Turtle of Carolina” of Catesby 1731 (subsp. Zenaida macroura).