Red-naped Sapsucker / Sphyrapicus nuchalis

Red-naped Sapsucker / Sphyrapicus nuchalis

Red-naped Sapsucker

SCI Name:  Sphyrapicus nuchalis
Protonym:  Sphyrapicus varius var. nuchalis Rep.Expl.Surv.RR.Pac. 9 p.xxviii,103
Taxonomy:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rensap
Type Locality:  Southern Rocky Mts. = Mimbres River, New Mexico.
Publish Year:  1858
IUCN Status:  


(Picidae; Ϯ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker S. varius) Gr. σφυρα sphura  hammer, mallet; Late Gr. πικος pikos  woodpecker  < L. picus  woodpecker; the sapsuckers drill rows of shallow holes in trees for the sap which then exudes; "SPHYRAPICUS, Baird.  Pilumnus, BON. Consp. Zygod. Ateneo Italiano, May, 1854. (P. thyroideus.)   ...   The genus Pilumnus, originally established by Bonaparte, is used in the Crustacea, and cannot, of course, be again employed. In supplying a new name, I consider the old Picus varius as the type instead of thyroideus, which may possibly constitute the type of a distinct genus" (Baird 1858). 
Var. Sphyropicus, Sphyrocopus (Gr. κοπος kopos  striking).
Synon. Campoborus, Cladoscopus, Pilumnus.

nuchale / nuchalis
Mod. L. nuchalis  of the nape, nuchal  < Med. L. nuchus  nape  < Arabic nukhā'  spinal marrow.
● ex “Perruche à face rouge” of Levaillant 1801-1805 (syn. Glossopsitta pusilla).