Yellow-bellied Sapsucker / Sphyrapicus varius

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker / Sphyrapicus varius

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

SCI Name:  Sphyrapicus varius
Protonym:  Picus varius Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.176
Category:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  yebsap
Type Locality:  North America = South Carolina ex Catesby.
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  


(Picidae; Ϯ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker S. varius) Gr. σφυρα sphura  hammer, mallet; Late Gr. πικος pikos  woodpecker  < L. picus  woodpecker; the sapsuckers drill rows of shallow holes in trees for the sap which then exudes; "SPHYRAPICUS, Baird.  Pilumnus, BON. Consp. Zygod. Ateneo Italiano, May, 1854. (P. thyroideus.)   ...   The genus Pilumnus, originally established by Bonaparte, is used in the Crustacea, and cannot, of course, be again employed. In supplying a new name, I consider the old Picus varius as the type instead of thyroideus, which may possibly constitute the type of a distinct genus" (Baird 1858). 
Var. Sphyropicus, Sphyrocopus (Gr. κοπος kopos  striking).
Synon. Campoborus, Cladoscopus, Pilumnus.

L. varius  various, diverse, variegated.
● ex “Cassican de la Nouvelle Guinée” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 628, and “Pied Roller” of Latham 1781 (syn. Cracticus cassicus).
● ex “Suirirí chorreado debaxo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 187 (Empidonomus).
ex “Huppe du cap de bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 697, “Huppe noire et blanche” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Madagascar Hoopoe” of Latham 1783 (Fregilupus).
ex “Basterd Baltimore female” of Catesby 1731-1743, “Carouge de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 607, fig. 1, and “Chesnut and black Baltimore” of Latham 1782 (syn. Icterus spurius).
● ex “Bunter Fasan” of Frisch 1735, “Phasianus albus et rufo varius” of Brisson 1760, and "Faisan varié” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Phasianus colchicus).
● ex “Varied Parrot” of Latham 1822 (Psephotellus).
● ex “Yellow-belly’d Wood-pecker” of Catesby 1731 (Sphyrapicus).
● ex “Pied Shag” of Latham 1785 (Stictocarbo).
● ex “Ispida indica” of Aldrovandus 1599-1603, “Todus varius” of Brisson 1760, and “Todier varié” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (unident.; ?Nectariniidae).