Red-spectacled Parrot / Amazona pretrei

Red-spectacled Parrot / Amazona pretrei

Red-spectacled Parrot

SCI Name:  Amazona pretrei
Protonym:  Psittacus pretrei Pl.Col. livr.83 pl.492
Category:  Psittaciformes / Psittacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  respar2
Type Locality:  Mexico?, error = southern Brazil, suggested by Brabourne and Chubb, Bds. So. Am., 1912, p. 90.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1830
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

AMAZONA
(Psittacidae; Ϯ Southern Mealy Amazon A. farinosa) French name “Amazone” given to various tropical American parrots by de Buffon 1770-1783, because they came from the Amazonian rainforests. The Amazon was probably first seen in 1500 by the Spanish commander Vicente Yáñez Pinzón, but real exploration of the river came with the voyage of Francisco de Orellana in 1540-1541. His florid tales of female warriors, perhaps based on a misunderstood Tupí word amassona ‘boat destroyer’, gave the river its name; "VII.e Sous-genre. AMAZONE; Amazona.  Bec robuste, très-crochu, épais; à arête rubanée ou formant une dépression aplatie, étroite, qui suit la courbure du bec, les côtés renflés, les bords festonnés; la mandibule inférieure échancrée en avant; narines arrondies, très-ouvertes dans la cire et à rebord saillant; ailes s'étendant jusqu'au tiers de la queue; les tarses très-courts, réticulés, robustes.   26. AMAZONE MEUNIER; Amazona pulverulenta: Psittacus pulverulentus, Gm.; Levaill., Perroq., pl. 92.  ...  plumage vert pruineux et à teint glauque   ...   27. AMAZONE A FRANGES; Amazona Levaillantii: Psittacus Levaillantii, Lath.; Psittacus infuscatus, Shaw.   ...   28. AMAZONE DUFRESNE; Amazona Dufresniana: Psittacus Dufresnianus, Shaw (?); Levaill., pl. 91.   ...   29. AMAZONE A TÊTE JAUNE; Amazona icterocephala: Psittacus ocrocephalus Gm.; Buff., Enl., 312 et 313; Levaill., Perroq., pl. 98." (Lesson 1830); "Amazona Lesson, Traité d'Orn., livr. 3, 1830, p. 189. Type, by subsequent designation, C. farinosa = Psittacus farinosus Boddaert (Salvadori, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 20, 1891, p. 268)." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 216).
Synon. Androglossa, Chrysotis, Oenochrus.

amazona
Mod. L. Amazonus Amazonian, of Amazonia.
● ex “Amazonian Kingsfisher” of Latham 1782 (Chloroceryle).

pretrei
Jean-Gabriel Prêtre (1768-1849) Swiss artist, bird painter at the Natural History Mus., Paris (Amazona, syn. Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys, Phaethornis, subsp. Spindalis zena).