Red-winged Parrot / Aprosmictus erythropterus

Red-winged Parrot / Aprosmictus erythropterus

Red-winged Parrot

SCI Name:  Aprosmictus erythropterus
Protonym:  Psittacus erythropterus Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.343
Category:  Psittaciformes / Psittaculidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rewpar1
Type Locality:  No locality = New South Wales, apud Mathews.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1788
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

APROSMICTUS
(Psittacidae; Ϯ Red-winged Parrot A. erythropterus) Gr. απροσμικτος aprosmiktos  unsociable  < negative prefix α- a-; προσμενω prosmenō  to remain attached to; “"on examination of the two birds known as Pl. erythropterus and Pl. scapulatus, I found that the difference of their habits from those of the typical Platycerci was accompanied by a sufficient difference in their anatomy to warrant their separation into a distinct genus. Independently of the variations indicated in the generic characters given below, these birds are remarkable for possessing a tolerably well-developed os furcatorium, which bone is entirely wanting in the true Platycerci and Euphemi: in their habits they approach nearer to the Lories, are of a dull and sullen disposition, and do not readily become tame and familiar like the Platycerci; they are also essentially arboreal, procuring their food among the branches of the trees; while the Platycerci resort to the ground and feed principally upon grass seeds."  These two birds he therefore proposed to erect into a new genus, under the appellation of ASPROSMICTUS.   Gen. Char. ut in Platycerco.—Rostrum attamen debilius, ceromate plumis tenuibus instar pilorum nares adumbrantibus instructo.  Alæ longiores et minus concavæ.  Cauda magis quadrata.  Tarsi breviores.  Digiti longiores.   Types.— Platycercus scapulatus and erythropterus, which will now stand as Aprosmictus scapulatus and A. erythropterus.” (Gould 1843); "Aprosmictus Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1842 (1843), p. 111. Type, by subsequent designation Psittacus erythropterus Gmelin (G. R. Gray, Gen. Bds., 2, 1846, p. 408)." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 247).
Synon. Ptistes.

erythroptera / erythropteron / erythropterum / erythropterus
Gr. ερυθρος eruthros red; -πτερος -pteros -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing.
● ex “Crimson-winged Parrot” of Latham 1781 (Aprosmictus).
● ex “Podobé du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 354, and “Rufous-winged Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Cercotrichas podobe).
● ex “Petit Guêpier du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 318, “Guêpier rouge et vert du Sénégal” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Red-winged Bee-eater” of Latham 1782 (?syn. Merops hirundineus (per Schmitt & Crémière 2008), syn. Merops pusillus).
● ex "Garnet-winged Pigeon" of Latham 1783 (Pampusana).

SUBSPECIES

Red-winged Parrot (coccineopterus)
SCI Name: Aprosmictus erythropterus coccineopterus
coccineopterus
L. coccineus  scarlet-coloured  < coccum  scarlet dye  < Gr. κοκκος kokkos  scarlet berry; Gr. -πτερος -pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron wing, feather.

Red-winged Parrot (erythropterus)
SCI Name: Aprosmictus erythropterus erythropterus
erythroptera / erythropteron / erythropterum / erythropterus
Gr. ερυθρος eruthros red; -πτερος -pteros -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing.
● ex “Crimson-winged Parrot” of Latham 1781 (Aprosmictus).
● ex “Podobé du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 354, and “Rufous-winged Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Cercotrichas podobe).
● ex “Petit Guêpier du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 318, “Guêpier rouge et vert du Sénégal” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Red-winged Bee-eater” of Latham 1782 (?syn. Merops hirundineus (per Schmitt & Crémière 2008), syn. Merops pusillus).
● ex "Garnet-winged Pigeon" of Latham 1783 (Pampusana).