River Tern / Sterna aurantia

River Tern / Sterna aurantia

River Tern

SCI Name:  Sterna aurantia
Protonym:  Sterna aurantia Ill.Ind.Zool.[Hardwicke] 1 pt5 pl.69 fig.2
Category:  Charadriiformes / Laridae /
Taxonomy Code:  rivter1
Type Locality:  India.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1831
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

STERNA
(Laridae; Ϯ Common Tern S. hirundo) Old English names Stern, Stearn or Starn for the Black Tern (cf. Swedish Tärna; Norwegian Terne); "70. STERNA.  Rostrum edentulum, subulatum, rectum, acutum apice compressiusculo.  Nares lineares." (Linnaeus 1758); "Sterna Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 137. Type, by tautonymy, Sterna hirundo Linné (Sterna, prebinomial specific name in synonymy)." (Peters 1934, II, 331). Linnaeus's Sterna comprised three species (S. stolida, S. Hirundo, S. nigra).
Var. SteniaTerna.
Synon. Chelido, Gygisterna, Potamochelidon, Pseudosterna, Seena, Thalassaea.

sterna
Mod. L. sterna tern.

aurantia
Late Med. L. aurantius orange-coloured < aurantia orange.
● ex “Orange-breasted Creeper” of Latham 1781 (syn. Anthobaphes violacea).
● ex “Figuier étranger” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 58, fig. 3, and “Figuier orangé” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (syn. Dendroica fusca).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à poitrine orangé de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 831, fig. 1, “Gobe-mouche roux à poitrine orangée de Cayenne” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Orange-breasted Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (?syn. Pachyramphus rufus).
● ex “Manakin orangé de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 302, fig. 2, and “Manakin orangé” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Pipra aureola).
● ex “Bouvreuil de l’Île Bourbon” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 204, fig. 1 (syn. Sporophila bouvreuil).
● ex “Motteux” or “Cul-blanc brun-verdâtre” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Orange-breasted Wheat-ear” of Latham 1783 (unident.).
● ex “Avis paradisiaca americana elegantissima” of Seba 1734-1765, “Promerops barbadensis” of Brisson 1760, “Promérops orangé” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Orange Promerops” of Latham 1783 (unident.).