Protonym: Diomedea albatrus Spic.Zool. 1 fasc.5 p.28
Taxonomy: Procellariiformes / Diomedeidae / Phoebastria
Taxonomy Code: shtalb
Type Locality: off Kamchatka.
Publish Year: 1769
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
(Diomedeidae; Ϯ Short-tailed Albatross P. albatrus) Gr. φοιβαστρια phoibastria prophetess < φοιβος phoibos prophet (see Phoebetria); "Genera et Species typicæ. ... 4. a. *Phoebastria Rchb. brachyura (Diomedea - T.) Rchb. Ic. Av. t. 26. ic. 345. t. 27. ic. 2616." (Reichenbach 1853); "Phoebastria Reichenbach, Av. Syst. Nat., p. v, "1852" (= 1853)—type, by monotypy [= by original designation], Diomedea brachyura Temminck = Diomedea albatrus Pallas." (Hellmayr & Conover 1948, XIII, 41).
Synon. Galapagornis, Julietata, Laysanornis, Penthirenia.
German Albatros albatross (Phoebastria).
(Diomedeidae; syn. Diomedea † Wandering Albatross D. exulans) French Albatros albatross; Albatross and its European equivalents are the definitive spellings of a word that has undergone dramatic corruption since its birth in the Arabic name al qadus for the leathern bucket used in irrigation. This name early Spanish and Portuguese explorers adopted as “Alcatras” or “Alcaduz” and gave to the pelican Pelecanus, with reference to its capacious bill. The name was mistakenly identified and applied vaguely to other large water-birds, firstly by English navigators to the frigatebirds Fregata and finally, via Alcatraza, Alcatraze, Algatross, and Albitross, to the present species of this family (cf. “The name is thought to derive from the Portuguese word alcatraz, meaning pelican (itself a corruption of the Arabic al-gattas, meaning diver or plunger)” (Moore 2006)); "Genus Albatri. Genre de l'Albatros" (Brisson 1760): based on "Vaisseau de Guerre" of Albin 1731-1738 (?= Fregata), "Plautus Albatrus" of Klein 1750, "Albatross" of Edwards 1751, and Diomedea exulans Linnaeus, 1758; "Albatrus Brisson, Orn., 1, p. 54; 6, p. 126, 1760—type, by monotypy, "Albatrus" Brisson = Diomedea exulans Linnaeus." (Hellmayr and Conover, 1948, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (2), p. 41).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)