Scarlet-headed Blackbird / Amblyramphus holosericeus

Scarlet-headed Blackbird / Amblyramphus holosericeus

Scarlet-headed Blackbird

SCI Name:  Amblyramphus holosericeus
Protonym:  Xanthornus (holosericeus) Del.Flor.Faun.Insubr. 2 p.88
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Icteridae /
Taxonomy Code:  schbla1
Type Locality:  Antigue . . . Isle of Panay [Philippines], error; islands of the delta of the Parana suggested by Dabbene, 1912, Anal. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires, 23, p. 372.
Publish Year:  1786
IUCN Status:  


(Icteridae; Ϯ Scarlet-headed Blackbird A. holosericeus) Gr. αμβλυς amblus  blunt  < αμβλυνω amblunō  to blunt; ῥαμφος rhamphos  bill; "AMBLYRAMPHUS *.  CHARACTER GENERICUS.  Rostrum rectum, subconicum, apice obtuso, depresso.  Pedes simplices, ambulatorii digitis tribus anticis, uno postico.  ...  This genus differs from Oriolus (Oriole), in having the point of the beak rounded and depressed instead of sharp.  The bare spot in the forehead behind the base of the upper mandible terminates in a point, as in the genuine Orioles. I am induced to consider this as a distinct genus, rather from the opinion of others, than from my own judgement; but as all the known species of Oriole have the point of their beaks acute, this distinction of form may prove to be a very natural and important generic character.  ...  AMBLYRAMPHUS BICOLOR.  ...  * Ab Aμβλυς, obtusus, (blunt), et ῥαμφος, rostrum, (a beak)." (Leach 1814); "Amblyramphus Leach, 1814, Zool. Misc., 1, p. 81. Type, by monotypy, Amblyramphus bicolor Leach = Xanthornus holosericeus Scopoli." (Blake in Peters 1986, XIV, p. 182).
Var. Amblyrhamphus, Amblyrhynchus.

holoseria / holoserica / holosericea / holosericeus / holosericus
Gr. ὁλοσηρικος holosērikos  silken  < ὁλος holos  complete; σηρικος sērikos  silken  < σηρικον sērikon  silk  < σηρες Sēres  the people from whom silk was obtained, the Chinese.
● ex “Troupiale rouge d’Antigue” and “Troupiale jaune d’Antigue” of Sonnerat 1776 (Amblyramphus).
● "60. TROCHILUS.  ...  holosericeus.  9. T. curvirostris rectricibus æqualibus supra nigris, corpore supra viridi, pectore cæruleo, abdomine nigro.  Mellivora viridis, ventre nigro. Edw. av. 36. t. 36.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Eulampis).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à longue queue de Madagascar” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 248, fig. 1, and “Schet Roux” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 147 (syn. Terpsiphone mutata).