Protonym: Trochilus (Selosphorus) scintilla Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1850) (1850), Pt18 no.211 p.162
Taxonomy: Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae / Selasphorus
Taxonomy Code: scihum1
Type Locality: Volcan de Chiriqui, 9000 feet, Panama.
Publish Year: 1851
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Rufous Hummingbird S. rufus) Gr. σελασφορος selasphoros light-bearing < σελας selas, σελατος selatos light, fire, flame; -φορος -phoros -carrying < φερω pherō to carry; "2. TROCHILUS (SELASPHORUS) RUFUS. (Swainson.) Cinnamon, or Nootka Humming-bird. ... Sub-genus, Selasphorus*, SWAINS. ... *Th. Σελασφορος, splendorem ferens. ... the whole of the chin and throat is covered by scale-like feathers, of a fire-like colour and lustre, equally brilliant with the throat of T. mosquitus, but with more of a red and less of an orange gloss; the tints, however, change in almost every direction of light, and in all are exquisitely splendid. ... The feathers on the sides of the throat are gradually elongated, as they recede from the ears and seem capable of being raised into two tufts." (Swainson 1832); "Selasphorus Swainson, in Swainson and Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Am., 2, 1831 (1832), p. 324. Type, by monotypy, Trochilus rufus Gmelin." (Peters 1945, V, 141).
Var. Selasopherus, Selatophorus, Selosphorus.
Synon. Platurornis, Selasornis, Stellula.
L. scintilla spark.
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)