Smoky-brown Woodpecker / Dryobates fumigatus

Smoky-brown Woodpecker / Dryobates fumigatus

Smoky-brown Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Dryobates fumigatus
Protonym:  Picus fumigatus Voy.Am.merid. 4 livr.51 pl.65 fig.1 1847 livr.89 p.380
Category:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  smbwoo1
Type Locality:  Province of Corrientes, Argentina in lat. 28° S., and Santa Cruz de la Sierra and Province of Chiquitos in Bolivia Yungas, Bolivia.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1840
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

DRYOBATES
(Picidae; Ϯ Downy Woodpecker D. pubescens) Gr. δρυς drus, δρυος druos  tree; βατης batēs  walker  < βατεω bateō  to tread  < βαινω bainō  to walk; "XXIX. Fam. Picidae  ...  Dryobates: Picus pubescens Gm. u. s. w." (Boie 1826); “In the 1st edition of the List and in the Cat. Birds B. M. the generic name Dendrocopus is used. This was first introduced by Koch [Dendrocopos 1816] ...  for the Spotted Woodpeckers. The same name, however, had previously been used by Vieillot [1816] ...  The type of Vieillot’s Dendrocopus is either “le Picucule” or “le Talapiot” of Daubenton, now known respectively as Dendrocolaptes certhia (Bodd.) and Dendroplex picus (Gmel.), both of which belong to the family Dendrocolaptidae. Dendrocopus cannot therefore be used for the Spotted Woodpeckers.” (BOU 1915); "Dryobates Boie, Isis von Oken, 1826, Bd. 2, col. 977. Type, by monotypy, Picus pubescens Linné." (Peters, 1948, VI, p. 180).
Synon. Hyloscopus.

dryobates
Gr. δρυς drus, δρυος druos  tree; βατης batēs  walker  < βατεω bateō  to tread  < βαινω bainō  to walk.

fumigata / fumigatus
L. fumigatus  smoked  < fumigavi  to smoke  < fumus, fumi  smoke.
● ex “Grimpar Enfumé” of Levaillant 1807 (syn. Dendrocincla fuliginosa).

SUBSPECIES

Smoky-brown Woodpecker (oleagineus)
SCI Name: Dryobates fumigatus oleagineus
oleaginea / oleagineum / oleagineus / oleaginia
L. oleagineus  olive-coloured, oleaginous, of the olive tree  < olea  olive tree.

Smoky-brown Woodpecker (sanguinolentus)
SCI Name: Dryobates fumigatus sanguinolentus
sanguinolenta / sanguinolentum / sanguinolentus
L. sanguinolentus  bloody  < sanguis, sanguinis  blood.
● ex “Sanguineous Creeper” of Latham 1801 (Myzomela).

Smoky-brown Woodpecker (fumigatus)
SCI Name: Dryobates fumigatus fumigatus
fumigata / fumigatus
L. fumigatus  smoked  < fumigavi  to smoke  < fumus, fumi  smoke.
● ex “Grimpar Enfumé” of Levaillant 1807 (syn. Dendrocincla fuliginosa).

Smoky-brown Woodpecker (obscuratus)
SCI Name: Dryobates fumigatus obscuratus
obscurata / obscuratus
L. obscuratus  dark, dusky  < obscurare  to darken  < obscurus  dark.

Smoky-brown Woodpecker (reichenbachi)
SCI Name: Dryobates fumigatus reichenbachi
reichenbachi / reichenbachii
Heinrich Gottlieb Ludwig Reichenbach (1793-1879) German zoologist, botanist, nomenclaturist (Anabathmis, syn. Celeus elegans, subsp. Leptotila rufaxilla, subsp. Leuconotopicus fumigatus, syn. Patagioenas maculosa, syn. Patagioenas picazuroTodiramphus).