South American Painted-Snipe / Nycticryphes semicollaris

South American Painted-Snipe / Nycticryphes semicollaris

South American Painted-Snipe

SCI Name:  Nycticryphes semicollaris
Protonym:  Totanus semi-collaris Nouv.Dict.Hist.Nat. 6 p.402
Taxonomy:  Charadriiformes / Rostratulidae /
Taxonomy Code:  soapas1
Type Locality:  Paraguay, ex Azara no. 405.
Publish Year:  1816
IUCN Status:  


(Rostratulidae; Ϯ South American Painted-snipe N. semicollaris) Gr. νυκτι- nukti-  nocturnal, night-  < νυξ nux, νυκτος nuktos  night; κρυφη kruphē  in secret; "Nycticryphes, gen. nov.  Characters.— Similar to Rostratula Vieillot but bill more decurved at tip; tip of bill expanded, with the distal end distinctly pitted; a median groove on the gonys; a slight web between outer and median toes; tail strongly wedge shaped; median rectrices tapered, soft in structure at the tip; median upper and lower coverts longer than the lateral rectrices.  Type.— Totanus semi-collaris Vieillot which will now stand as Nycticryphes semicollaris (Vieillot).   Remarks.— As the genus Rhynchaea Cuvier [1817] has Scolopax capensis Linnaeus as type it is a synonym of Rostratula. Rynchina Fleming [1822] and Rhynchæna Gloger [1842] are emendations of Rhynchæa Cuvier.  Though superficially similar to the Old World painted snipes, the South American species is strikingly different in structural characters." (Wetmore & J. Peters 1923).

L. semi-  half-, semi-  < semis, semissis  half  < as, assis  whole; collaris  collared  < collum  neck.
● ex “Chorlito golas obscura y blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 405 (Nycticryphes).