Sparkling Violetear / Colibri coruscans

Sparkling Violetear / Colibri coruscans

Sparkling Violetear

SCI Name:  Colibri coruscans
Protonym:  Trochilus (Petasophora) coruscans Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt14 no.158 p.44
Taxonomy:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  spvear1
Type Locality:  South America.
Publish Year:  1846
IUCN Status:  


(Trochilidae; White-vented Violet-ear C. serrirostris) Spanish name Colibri for a hummingbird (supposedly based on a Carib word); "GENUS IV.  COLIBRI.  Rostro retiusculo, versus apicem intumido, subhiante, maxilla inferiore ad apicem subascendente.   SPECIES 1. COLIBRI CRISPUS.   ...   SPECIES 2. COLIBRI HIRUNDINACEUS.   ...   SPECIES 3. COLIBRI LEUCOPYGUS.   ...   SPECIES 4. COLIBRI ALBOGULARIS.   ...   SPECIES 5. COLIBRI HELIOS.   ...   SPECIES 6. COLIBRI MYSTAX." (von Spix 1824); "Colibri Spix, Av. Bras., 1, 1824, p. 80.  Type, by subsequent designation, [Colibri crispus von Spix =] Trochilus serrirostris Vieillot. (Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 21.)" (Peters, 1945, V, p. 22).  G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 14, includes Colibri von Spix as a synonym of Heliactin, with type H. bilophus, and of Heliothryx, with type H. aurita, but neither of these species are included in the original work.  Von Spix's other forms are now known as: Species 2- Discosura langsdorffi, Species 3- Florisuga fusca, Species 4- Leucochloris albicollis, Species 5- Lophornis magnificus, Species 6- Lophornis chalybeus
Var. ColibiriColibris.
Synon. Anais, Coeligena, Delphinella, Petasophora, Pinarolaema, Praxilla, Telesiella.
• (Trochilidae; syn. Colibri † Green Violet-ear C. thalassinus cyanotus) "*153.  Colibri, Bp. ex Sp. (Polytmus, Gr. - Petasophora, Gould)  America m.   7.   1. TROCHILUS cyanotis, Bourc. Rev. Zool. 1843. nec Less. (Petasophorua cyanotus, Gould) ex Bogota.   2. TROCHILUS thalassinus, Sw. 1827. (Petasophora thalassina, Gould) Less. Troch. t. 55.56.57. - Ois. Mouch. t. 3. - Nat. Libr. xv. t. 1.2. ex Mexico.  Minor.   3. ORNISMYA anais, Less. part. (Ramphodon anais, Less. Grand Anaïs-Petasophora anais, Gould) Ois. Mouch. Suppl. t. 2. ex Venezuela, Cordiller. prope Bogota.   4. PETASOPHORA jolata, Gould (Trochilus jolatus, Gr.) Pr. Zool. Soc. 1847. ex Bolivia.  Affinis praecedenti, sed major et pulchrior.   5. TROCHILUS corruscans, Gould, (Petasophora corruscans, Gould, 1847.) Pr. Zool. Soc. 1840.  ex Amer. me   6. ORNISMYA delphinae, Less. (Petasophora delphinae Gould) Rev. Zool. 1839. - Ill. Zool. t. 64.   7. TROCHILUS geoffroyi, Bourc. (Petasophora geoffroyi, Gould.) Ann. Sc. Lyon. 1843.   Avis inter congeneres singularis, uti vir doctus cui dicata in perdiscendis naturae moribus et amicitiae officiis prestandis!" (Bonaparte 1850); "Colibri Bonaparte, 1850 (not von Spix 1824), Conspectus Generum Avium, I (1), p. 69.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 21), Trochilus cyanotis, Bourc. = Trochilus cyanotus Bourcier." (JAJ 2020).
• (Trochilidae; syn. Trochilus) "1. Paradies Colibri.  Colibri Paradiseus" (Statius Muller 1773).  This bird, the Trochilus paradiseus Linnaeus, 1758, is unidentifiable; the use of Colibri here is treated as a lapsus for Trochilus (Gregory & Dickinson 2012).

L. coruscans, coruscantis  twinkling  < coruscare  to twinkle.


Sparkling Violetear (germanus)
SCI Name: Colibri coruscans germanus
L. germanus  brother: germana  sister  < germen, germinis  offshoot  < gignere  to beget.
● "PETASOPHORA GERMANA.  P. anai affinis et ejusdem staturæ  ...  Though the difference between the present bird and P. anais of the Andes is not great, we feel justified in separating them, the ranges of the two being doubtless broken by the low-lying lands of the Orinoco valley." (Salvin & Godman 1884) (subsp. Colibri coruscans).

Sparkling Violetear (coruscans)
SCI Name: Colibri coruscans coruscans
L. coruscans, coruscantis  twinkling  < coruscare  to twinkle.