Spix’s Woodcreeper / Xiphorhynchus spixii

Spix\'s Woodcreeper / Xiphorhynchus spixii

Spix's Woodcreeper

SCI Name:  Xiphorhynchus spixii
Protonym:  Picolaptes Spixii TraitedOrn. livr.4 p.314
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Furnariidae /
Taxonomy Code:  spiwoo1
Type Locality:  Brazil; restricted to Para by Hellmayr, antea.
Publish Year:  1830
IUCN Status:  


(Furnariidae; Ivory-billed Woodcreeper X. flavigaster) Gr. ξιφος xiphos  sword; ῥυγχος rhunkhos  bill; "G. XIPHORHYNCHUS.  Swains. in Zool. Journ. No. 10.   85. Xiphorhynchus leucogaster.  ...  bill one inch and a half long, slender, pale, the upper mandible brown.  ...   86. Xiphorhynchus flavigaster.  ...  bill long, strong, brown, slightly curved." (Swainson 1827); "Xiphorhynchus Swainson, Philos. Mag. (n.s.), 1, June, 1827, p. 440.  Type, by subsequent designation, Xiphorhynchus flavigaster Swainson (Oberholser, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 48, 1905, p. 52)." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 36).
Var. Xiphorynchus, Xyphorhynchus, Ziphorhynchus, Ziphorynchus.
Synon. Dendrornis, Picolaptes, Talapius, Thripobrotus.
• (Furnariidaesyn. Campylorhamphus † Black-billed Scythebill C. falcularius) "XIPHORHYNCHUSRostrum gracile, elongatum, compressissimum, falcatum, immarginatum.  Bill slender, long, much compressed, falcated and entire.  Type. Dend. procurvus. Temm., Pl. col.. 28.   By this form, the passage is marked from Dendrocolaptes to Certhia.  The species appear numerous.  I possess four from Brazil, and three from Mexico." (Swainson 1827); "Xiphorhynchus (not of SWAINSON, June 1827) SWAINSON, Zool. Journ., 3, No. 11, p. 334, Sept.-Dec. 1827—type by orig. desig. Dendrocolaptes procurvus TEMMINCK [= Dendrocopus falcularius Vieillot]." (Hellmayr, 1925, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IV, p. 339).

spixi / spixii
Dr Johann Baptist Ritter von Spix (1781-1826) German naturalist, collector in Brazil 1817-1820 (Cyanopsitta, syn. Nothura boraquira, syn. Ortalis araucuan, subsp. Pachyramphus polychopterus, syn. Pionopsitta pileata, syn. Ramphodon dohrnii, syn. Spizaetus tyrannus, Synallaxis, syn. Vanellus melanopterus, Xiphorhynchus).