Striped Owl / Asio clamator

Striped Owl / Asio clamator

Striped Owl

SCI Name:  Asio clamator
Protonym:  Bubo Clamator Hist.Nat.Ois.Am.Sept. 1(1807) p.52 pl.20
Category:  Strigiformes / Strigidae /
Taxonomy Code:  strowl1
Type Locality:  Cayenne to Hudson Bay, restricted to Cayenne by Hellmayr, Abh. K. Bayer. Akad. Wiss., Kl. 2, 22, 1906, p. 574.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1808
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ASIO
(Strigidae; Long-eared Owl A. otus) "Asio. Genus 11.  ...  Moyen Duc  ...  ASIO  ...  On le trouve le plus souvent sur les montagnes & les endroits élèves" (Brisson 1760): based on "Asio" and "Otus" of Gessner 1555, and many other references; "Asio Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 28.  Type, by tautonymy, Asio Brisson = Strix otus Linné." (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 167).
Var. Azio.
Synon. Ascalaphus, Brachyotus, Nisuella, Noctua, Nyctalops, Phasmaptynx, Rhinoptynx, Rhinostrix.
• (Strigidae; syn. Bubo Great Eagle Owl B. bubo) "ASIO, Antiq.  Horned Owls.  Head large, furnished with a double crest or egrets.  Ears and facial disk moderate, and the latter not always perfect.  Ears without an operculum.  Bill short, with the upper mandible sometimes festooned. (fig. 198.)    A. bubo. Pl. Enl. 435.    Virginiana. Wils. vi. pl. 50. 1." (Swainson 1837); "Asio Swainson 1837, Nat. Hist. Classification Birds, II, p. 217.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 9), Strix bubo." (JAJ 2020).
• (Strigidae; syn. Megascops † Eastern Screech Owl M. asio) "123. MEGASCOPS, Kaup, 1849.  (Strix asio, Linn.)   ...   123 = Asio, Schl. & Pr. B. 1853." (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., pp. 9, 135 (Appendix)).  I have yet to locate the reference to Schlegel and Bonaparte, 1853.

asio
L. asio, asionis or axio, axionis  type of eared owl.
● "Otus Asio, ♂.  Small Horn-Owl.  ...  Otus Asio, ♀.  Small Horn-Owl." (Leach 1816 (ed. Salvin 1882)) (syn. Asio otus).
● "42. STRIX.  ...  Asio.  3. S. capite aurito, corpore supra ferrugineo subtus cinereo, alis punctis quinque albis.  Noctua aurita minor. Catesb. car. 1. p. 7. t. 7.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Megascops).
● "GENUS XXXI.—SCOPS, Savigny.  ...  Sp. 1. Sc. Asio.  Strix Scops. Shaw, v. vii. p. 233.—Strix Carniolica. Shaw, v. vii. p. 231.—Strix pulchella. Shaw, v. vii. p. 239.—England and Europe." (Stephens in Shaw 1825) (syn. Otus scops).

CLAMATOR
(Cuculidae; Great Spotted Cuckoo C. glandarius) L. clamator, clamatoris  shouter  < clamare  to shout; "Schlüsse: Cuculus glandarius kann als europäischer Vogel nicht ausgeführt werden, da sich weder Glieder über noch unter ihm nachweisen lassen; auch scheint er gar nicht in die Gattung Kuckuk zu gehören, sondern eine eigene zu bilden, welche ich Straußkuckuk Clamator nenne, und die durch die starken Fußwurzeln und die Bildung der Nasenlöcher u. sich charakterisirt." (Kaup 1829); "Clamator Kaup, Skizz. Entw.-Gesch. Eur. Thierw., 1829, p. 53 [=p. 35 (= p. 53)].  Type, by original designation and monotypy, Cuculus glandarius Linné." (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 12).   
Synon. Cecractana, Cecractes, Edolius, Melanolophus, Oxylophus.
• (Phasianidae; syn. Pternistis  Cape Spurfowl P. capensis) Specific name Perdix clamator Temminck, 1815 (= syn. Pternistis capensis); "Genus PTERNESTIS, Wagler.  ...  Subgenus CLAMATOR, Blyth.   1495. CL. CAPENSIS.  SYN. Tetrao capensis, Gmelin.  Perdix clamator, Temminck.  Pheasant of Cape Colonists.   HAB. S. Africa." (Blyth 1849); "Clamator Blyth, 1849, Cat. Birds Mus. Asiatic Soc., p. 250.  Type, by monotypy and tautonymy, Perdix clamator Temminck, 1815 = Tetrao capensis Gmelin, 1789." (JAJ 2021).

clamator
● L. clamator or clamatoria  type of owl mentioned by Pliny as a bird of ill-omen; ex “Nacurutú chorreado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 44 (Asio).
● L. clamator, clamatoris  shouter  < clamare  to shout (subsp. Psilopogon virens, syn. Pternistis capensis).

SUBSPECIES

Striped Owl (forbesi)
SCI Name: Asio clamator forbesi
forbesi
● William Alexander Forbes (1855-1883) British zoologist, collector in tropical Africa and Brazil (Anumara, syn. Aplopelia simplex, Charadrius, syn. Emberiza affinis, subsp. Halcyon malimbica, subsp. Lagonosticta rara, Leptodon).
● "This new geographical race of the Striped Owl is named for Mr. Dyfrig McH. Forbes, of Potrero Viejo, Veracruz, who, along with his family, has contributed greatly to scientific knowledge by making extensive collections of natural history objects and by assisting personnel connected with various museum expeditions. In the latter regard, the Hacienda Potrero has served as headquarters or temporary abode for numerous field parties of diverse zoological interest" (Lowery & Dalquest 1951) (subsp. Asio clamator).
Sir Victor Courtenay Walter Forbes (1889-1958) British diplomat in Mexico, Spain and Peru (Atlapetes).
● Henry Ogg Forbes (1851-1932) Scottish botanist, ethnologist, explorer in the East Indies and New Guinea, Director of the Canterbury Mus., New Zealand, 1890-1893, Director of the Liverpool Museums 1894-1911 (Cyanoramphus, syn. Erythrura tricolor, Lonchura, subsp. Myzomela nigrita, Ninox, Rallicula).
● William Cameron Forbes (1870-1959) US banker, diplomat, Commissioner of Philippine Commerce & Police 1904-1908, Vice-Gov. and Gov.-Gen. of the Philippines 1908-1913, Ambassador to Japan 1930-1932 (subsp. Megalurus palustris, syn. Zosterops everetti basilanicus).

Striped Owl (clamator)
SCI Name: Asio clamator clamator
CLAMATOR
(Cuculidae; Great Spotted Cuckoo C. glandarius) L. clamator, clamatoris  shouter  < clamare  to shout; "Schlüsse: Cuculus glandarius kann als europäischer Vogel nicht ausgeführt werden, da sich weder Glieder über noch unter ihm nachweisen lassen; auch scheint er gar nicht in die Gattung Kuckuk zu gehören, sondern eine eigene zu bilden, welche ich Straußkuckuk Clamator nenne, und die durch die starken Fußwurzeln und die Bildung der Nasenlöcher u. sich charakterisirt." (Kaup 1829); "Clamator Kaup, Skizz. Entw.-Gesch. Eur. Thierw., 1829, p. 53 [=p. 35 (= p. 53)].  Type, by original designation and monotypy, Cuculus glandarius Linné." (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 12).   
Synon. Cecractana, Cecractes, Edolius, Melanolophus, Oxylophus.
• (Phasianidae; syn. Pternistis  Cape Spurfowl P. capensis) Specific name Perdix clamator Temminck, 1815 (= syn. Pternistis capensis); "Genus PTERNESTIS, Wagler.  ...  Subgenus CLAMATOR, Blyth.   1495. CL. CAPENSIS.  SYN. Tetrao capensis, Gmelin.  Perdix clamator, Temminck.  Pheasant of Cape Colonists.   HAB. S. Africa." (Blyth 1849); "Clamator Blyth, 1849, Cat. Birds Mus. Asiatic Soc., p. 250.  Type, by monotypy and tautonymy, Perdix clamator Temminck, 1815 = Tetrao capensis Gmelin, 1789." (JAJ 2021).

Striped Owl (oberi)
SCI Name: Asio clamator oberi
oberi
Frederick Albion Ober (1849-1913) US naturalist, collector in the West Indies (subsp. Asio clamator, subsp. Dysithamnus mentalis, Icterus, Myiarchus).

Striped Owl (midas)
SCI Name: Asio clamator midas
midas
Gr. myth. Midas, king of Phrygia, favoured by Bacchus with the boon that everything he touched turned to gold (subsp. Asio clamator).