Sunda Frogmouth / Batrachostomus cornutus

Sunda Frogmouth / Batrachostomus cornutus

Sunda Frogmouth

SCI Name:  Batrachostomus cornutus
Protonym:  Podargus cornutus Pl.Col. livr.27 pl.159
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Podargidae /
Taxonomy Code:  sunfro1
Type Locality:  Benkulen, Sumatra.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1822
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

BATRACHOSTOMUS
(Podargidae; Ϯ Large Frogmouth B. auritus) Gr. βατραχος batrakhos  frog; στομα stoma, στοματος stomatos  mouth. "Rostrum capite latius ad apicem abrupte acuminatum deflexum, maxilla inverse spatulæformis, culmine carinato" (Horsfield 1821); "Its characters are like those of Podargus Javanensis of Dr Horsfield, having many long loose feathers proceeding horizontally from the root of the upper mandible, which gives the bird a singular and grotesque appearance" (J. Gray 1829); "Genus BATRACHOSTOMUS, Gould.  CHARACTERES GENERICI. Rostrum latius, ac magis depressum quam in genere Podargus dicto, (cui generi hoc approximat) culmine minus carinato.  Nares tubulares, transversim positæ et penicillis tectæ.  Oculi superne cute nuda late marginati, et cristulis plumosis, altera superciliari, altera infra-oculari, postice spectantibus instructi.  Alæ quam in Podargo longiores, remigibus quarto, quinto, sexto et septimo longissimis et inter se fere æqualibus.  Cauda mediocris et rotundata.  Tarsi digitique non tantum breviores sed debiliores quam in Podargo; tarsi antice per dimidium plumosi.    BATRACHOSTOMUS AURITUS.    ...   It is a native of Sumatra, Malacca, &c.  ...  but nothing whatever is known as to its habits or economy."(Gould 1838); "Batrachostomus Gould, Icones Av., pt. 2, 1838, pl. [17] and text. Type, by monotypy, Podargus auritus J. E. Gray." (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 177).
Var. Batraeostomus.
Synon. Bombycistoma, Otothrix.

cornuta / cornutus
L. cornutus  horned  < cornu  horn (cf. Med. L. cornutus  mitred, exalted).
● ex “Anhima” of Marcgrave 1648, and “Kamichy” of Brisson 1760 (Anhima).
● ex “Horned Parrot” of Latham 1781 (Eunymphicus).
● ex “Eared or Horned Dobchick” of Edwards 1747, and “Horned Grebe” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (subsp. Podiceps auritus).

SUBSPECIES

Sunda Frogmouth (cornutus)
SCI Name: Batrachostomus cornutus cornutus
cornuta / cornutus
L. cornutus  horned  < cornu  horn (cf. Med. L. cornutus  mitred, exalted).
● ex “Anhima” of Marcgrave 1648, and “Kamichy” of Brisson 1760 (Anhima).
● ex “Horned Parrot” of Latham 1781 (Eunymphicus).
● ex “Eared or Horned Dobchick” of Edwards 1747, and “Horned Grebe” of Pennant 1785, and Latham 1785 (subsp. Podiceps auritus).

Sunda Frogmouth (longicaudatus)
SCI Name: Batrachostomus cornutus longicaudatus
longicaudata / longicaudatus
L. longus  long; caudatus  tailed  < cauda  tail.