Spotted Nightjar / Eurostopodus argus

Spotted Nightjar / Eurostopodus argus

Spotted Nightjar

SCI Name:  Eurostopodus argus
Protonym:  Eurostopodus argus Cat.BirdsBrit.Mus. 16 p.607,608
Taxonomy:  Caprimulgiformes / Caprimulgidae /
Taxonomy Code:  sponig1
Type Locality:  'Australia, Aru Islands and probably New Ireland.''
Publish Year:  1892
IUCN Status:  


(Caprimulgidae; Ϯ White-throated Nightjar E. mystacalis) Gr. ευρωστος eurōstos  strong, stout; πους pous, ποδος podos  foot; "Genus EUROSTOPODUS.   GEN. CHAR.  Bill somewhat more produced and stouter than in Caprimulgus; nostrils lateral and linear; rictus entirely devoid of bristles, but furnished with short, weak, divided and branching hairs; wings longer and more powerful than in Caprimulgus; first and second quills equal, and longest; tail moderately long and nearly square; tarsi stout, and clothed anteriorly for their whole length; toes short, thick and fleshy; outer ones equal, and united to the middle one by a membrane for more than half their length; nail of the middle toe strongly pectinated on the inner side.    TYPES.  Caprimulgus guttatus, Vig. and Horsf. in Linn. Trans. vol. xv. p. 192.   Caprimulgus albogularis, Ib. p. 194, note." (Gould 1838); "Eurostopodus Gould, Syn. Bds. Austr., pt. 4, April, 1838, app., p. 1. Type, by subsequent designation, Caprimulgus guttatus Vigors and Horsfield. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 7.)  Also described as a new genus in Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1837 (May), 1838, p. 142." (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 189).  
Var. EurostopdusEurostopus, Eurystopodus.

Gr. myth. Argus or Argos, the one-hundred-eyed guardian of Io slain by Mercury. After Argus’ death the goddess Hera transplanted his eyes to the tail of the peacock (syn. Amadina erythrocephala, Argusianus, Eurostopodus).

(Phasianidae; syn. Argusianus Great Argus A. argus) Gr. myth Argos or Argus, the one-hundred-eyed guardian of Io slain by Mercury; "GENUS ARGUS.   GENRE ARGUS.    ARGUS GIGANTEUS (Mas et Femina) Temm. Gal. —  Phasianus Argus Lath. Ind. v. 1. p. 629. (Mas) —  LE GRAND ARGUS OU LE LUEN des Iles de l'Archipel Indien (Male et Femmelle) Temm. Gall. v. 1. pl. Enl. — Le Luen Buff. Ois. v. 2. —  Argus Phesant Lath. Syn. v. 4. p. 710." (Temminck 1807); "Argus giganteus Mihi.  ...  Les ailes, dont la forme singulière vient de fixer notre attention, ont des pennes très larges, parsemées d'une quantite de miroirs ou yeux, ceux-ci fond le principal ornement de l'oiseau et lui ont valu le nom d'Argus." (Temminck 1813); "Argus Temminck, 1807, Cat. Systém. Cabinet d'Ornithologie, p. 149 (not of Bohadsch, 1761 (Mollusca), nor of Scopoli, 1763 (Lepidoptera), nor of Scopoli, 1777 (Lepidoptera)).  Type, by monotypy, Phasianus argus Lath., i.e. Linnaeus, 1766." (JAJ 2020).
Var. Argusa.