Tody Motmot / Hylomanes momotula

Tody Motmot / Hylomanes momotula

Tody Motmot

SCI Name:  Hylomanes momotula
Protonym:  Hylomanes Momotula Phys.Abh.Konigl.Akad.Wiss.Berlin(1838) -1838 p.449 pl.4
Category:  Coraciiformes / Momotidae /
Taxonomy Code:  todmot1
Type Locality:  Valle Real, Mexico.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1839
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

HYLOMANES
(Momotidae; Ϯ Tody Motmot H. momotula) Gr. ὑλομανης hulomanēs  passionately fond of the woods  < ὑλη hulē  woodland; -μανης -manēs  passionately fond of  < μανια mania  passion  < μαινομαι mainomai  to rage; "Hylomanes Momotula.   ...   Eine Zwergform der Gattung Prionites, aber mit ansehnlich breiterem und geraderem Schnabel und fast ohne Zähne des Schnabelrandes, dessen tiefe Einkerbung nach seiner ganzen Länge bei Prionites das vorzüglichste Gattungs-Merkmal abgiebt. Nur durch die Loupe entdecken sich Spuren dieser Bildung in der Nähe des Mundwinkels an unserm Vogel. Ich glaube in diesem Fall der Sitte unsers Zeitalters folgen zu dürfen, indem ich auf die merkwürdige Abweichung durch einen neuen Gattungs-Namen nachdrücklicher aufmerksam mache.  ...   Der Fundort dieser Art ist Valle real in Mexico." (Lichtenstein 1839); "Hylomanes [M.H.C.] Lichtenstein, Abh. Akad. Wiss. Berlin for 1838 (1839), p. 449, pl. 4. Type, by monotypy, Hylomanes momotula Lichtenstein." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 221).
Synon. Momotula.

momotula
Dim. < genus Momotus Brisson, 1760, motmot (see Hylomanes).

Momotula
(syn. Hylomanes Ϯ Tody Motmot H. momotula) Dim. < genus Momotus Brisson, 1760, motmot (cf. specific name Hylomanes momotula Lichtenstein, 1839).  Reichenbach's 1849, plate XLVIII, labelled Levirostres: Momotinae-Ramphastinae, shows a much smaller bird than the Momotus illustrated on the same plate.

SUBSPECIES

Tody Motmot (chiapensis)
SCI Name: Hylomanes momotula chiapensis
chiapensis
Chiapas, Mexico.

Tody Motmot (momotula)
SCI Name: Hylomanes momotula momotula
momotula
Dim. < genus Momotus Brisson, 1760, motmot (see Hylomanes).

Tody Motmot (obscurus)
SCI Name: Hylomanes momotula obscurus
obscurum / obscurus
L. obscurus  dark, dusky.
● ex “Hook-billed Green Creeper” of Latham 1782 (Akialoa).
● ex “Dusky-crowned Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (syn. Clytolaema rubricauda).
● ex “Dusky Tody” of Latham 1782, and Pennant 1785 (syn. Contopus virens).
● ex “Pic verd de l’isle de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776 (syn. Dendropicos griseocephalus).
● ex “Dusky Falcon” of Pennant 1787 (syn. Falco columbarius).
● ex “Dusky Grosbeak” (= ☼) of Pennant, 1784 (syn. Hedymeles ludovicianus).
● ex “Obscure Fly-catcher” of Latham 1823 (syn. Hemipus hirundinaceus).
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  obscurus.  3. P. macrourus niger, genis nudis, vertice cinereo-nigrescente vario, cauda cinerea. Hasselq. iter. 236.  Habitat in Africa?" (Linnaeus 1758) (unident.: ?‡syn. Mascarinus mascarin).
ex “White-rumped Woodpecker” of Latham 1782 (syn. Melanerpes erythrocephalus).
ex “Tolocatzenatl” of Ray 1713, “Sturnus novae Hispaniae” of Brisson 1760, “Tolcana” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Brown-headed Stare” of Latham 1783 (subsp. Molothrus ater).
● ex “Dusky Rail” of Latham 1785 (syn. Pennula sandwichensis).
● ex “Dusky Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (Phaeornis).
● ex “Black and White Dobchick” of Edwards 1747, “Colymbus minor” of Brisson 1760, “Petit Grèbe” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 942, and “Dusky Grebe” of Pennant 1785, and of Latham 1785 (syn. Podiceps auritus cornutus).
● ex “Dusky Plover” of Latham 1781 (cf. Dusky Bay, New Zealand) (Pluviorhynchus).
● ex “Dusky Petrel” of Latham 1785 (syn. Puffinus assimilis).
● ex “Indian Raven” of Willughby 1676, and “Wreathed Hornbill” of Latham 1781 (syn. Rhyticeros plicatus).
● ex “Dark Thrush” of Latham 1783 (Turdus).
● "This specimen, like many from the Anthony collection, is badly soiled, a condition which may have led Anthony to name a dark race" (Browning 1979) (syn. Vireo huttoni).
● "44. PSITTACUS.   ...   obscurus.  3. P. macrourus niger, genis nudis, vertice cinereo-nigrescente vario, cauda cinerea. Hasselq. iter. 236.  Habitat in Africa ?" (Linnaeus 1758); "Linnæus identified his Psittacus obscurus with P. mascarinus, Briss.  ...  but the evidence is against this identification" (Salvadori 1891) (unident.; nom. dub.).