Volcano Hummingbird / Selasphorus flammula

Volcano Hummingbird / Selasphorus flammula

Volcano Hummingbird

SCI Name:  Selasphorus flammula
Protonym:  Selasphorus flammula Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1864) (1864), Pt3 p.586
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  volhum1
Type Locality:  Volcan de Cartago, i.e. Volcan de Irazu, Costa Rica.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1865
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

SELASPHORUS
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Rufous Hummingbird S. rufus) Gr. σελασφορος selasphoros  light-bearing  < σελας selas, σελατος selatos  light, fire, flame; -φορος -phoros  -carrying  < φερω pherō  to carry; "2. TROCHILUS (SELASPHORUS) RUFUS. (Swainson.)  Cinnamon, or Nootka Humming-bird.  ...   Sub-genus, Selasphorus*, SWAINS.   ...   *Th. Σελασφορος, splendorem ferens.   ...   the whole of the chin and throat is covered by scale-like feathers, of a fire-like colour and lustre, equally brilliant with the throat of T. mosquitus, but with more of a red and less of an orange gloss; the tints, however, change in almost every direction of light, and in all are exquisitely splendid.   ...   The feathers on the sides of the throat are gradually elongated, as they recede from the ears and seem capable of being raised into two tufts." (Swainson 1832); "Selasphorus Swainson, in Swainson and Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Am., 2, 1831 (1832), p. 324. Type, by monotypy, Trochilus rufus Gmelin." (Peters 1945, V, 141).
Var. Selasopherus, Selatophorus, Selosphorus.
Synon. Platurornis, Selasornis, Stellula.

flammula
L. flammula  little flame < dim. flamma  flame  < flagrare  to burn (e.g. flammulated, with flame-like markings, ruddy) (cf. Late L. flammula  red standard or banner).

SUBSPECIES

Volcano Hummingbird (Purple-throated)
SCI Name: Selasphorus flammula flammula
flammula
L. flammula  little flame < dim. flamma  flame  < flagrare  to burn (e.g. flammulated, with flame-like markings, ruddy) (cf. Late L. flammula  red standard or banner).

Volcano Hummingbird (Heliotrope-throated)
SCI Name: Selasphorus flammula torridus
torrida / torridus
L. torridus  scorched, torrid, burnt  < torrere  to burn.

Volcano Hummingbird (Rose-throated)
SCI Name: Selasphorus flammula simoni
simoni
● Eugène Louis Simon (1848-1924) French ornithologist, hummingbird specialist (syn. Cotinga nattererii, subsp. Eupetomena macrouraHeliangelus exortis x Haplophaedia aureliae, subsp. Selasphorus flammula, Synallaxis, subsp. Thalurania furcata).
● Brig.-Gen. Simon Joseph Fraser 14th Baron Lovat and 41st MacShimi (1871-1933) originated cotton-planting in the Sudan, raised Lovat Scouts 1899, first Chairman Forestry Commission 1919 (syn. Dendropicos fuscescens lepidus).