Violaceous Quail-Dove / Geotrygon violacea

Violaceous Quail-Dove / Geotrygon violacea

Violaceous Quail-Dove

SCI Name:  Geotrygon violacea
Protonym:  Columba Violacea LesPigeons[Knip] livr.7 p.67 pl.29
Category:  Columbiformes / Columbidae /
Taxonomy Code:  viqdov1
Type Locality:  Probably from the New World.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1809
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

GEOTRYGON
(Columbidae; Ϯ Crested Quail Dove G. versicolor) Gr. γεω- geō- ground-  < γη gē  earth; τρυγων trugōn, τρυγονος trugonos  pigeon; "MOUNTAIN WITCH.*  Geotrygon sylvatica. MIHI.  ...  In the dense and lofty forest that clothes the brow of Bluefields Peak, it is very numerous, usually seen singly or in pairs, walking on the ground; the freedom of the forest there from underwood allowing it to exercise its fleetness of foot to advantage. If alarmed, it generally seeks to escape by running, its bulk and shortness of wing rendering its flight burdensome and ineffective.  ...  *GEOTRYGON.  Generic Character. — Beak robust, rather long; both mandibles strongly arched at the tip; nostrils opening far forward. Wings short, and rounded: third quill longest; second and following quills strongly and abruptly sinuated on the outer edge; first quill sickle-shaped, not attenuated. Tail nearly even, short, (viz. less than thrice the length of the tarsus). Tarsus longer than middle toe, unfeathered, covered in front with transverse plates. Inner toe longer than outer; hallux shorter than outer toe. General form stout and plump." (Gosse 1847); "Geotrygon Gosse, Bds. Jamaica, 1847, p. 316. Type, by subsequent designation, Columba cristata Lath., i.e. Gmelin, not of Temminck = Geotrygon sylvatica Gosse 1847 = Columbigallina versicolor Lafresnaye 1846. (Reichenbach, Av. Syst. Nat., 1852 (1853), p. xxv.)" (Peters, 1937, III, p. 132).
Synon. Oreopeleia, Osculatia.

violacea
L. violaceus  violet-coloured, violaceous  < viola  violet.
● ex “Grand Traquet des Phillippines” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 185, fig. 2 (syn. Agropsar philippensis).
● ex “Fringilla violacea, fronte subtusque flavissima” of Linnaeus 1746 (Euphonia).
● "76. ARDEA.  ...  violacea.  12. A. crista flava, corpore nigro-cærulescente, fascia temporali alba.  Ardea stellaris cristata americana. Catesb. car. 1. p. 79. t. 79.  Habitat in America septentrionali." (Linnaeus 1758) (Nyctanassa).
● ex “Hirondelle de la Louisiane” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 722 (syn. Progne subis).
● ex "Coccothraustes purpurea. Purple Gross-beak" of Catesby 1731 (Pyrrhulagra).

SUBSPECIES

Violaceous Quail-Dove (albiventer)
SCI Name: Geotrygon violacea albiventer
albiventer / albiventre / albiventris
L. albus  white; venter, ventris  belly.
● ex “Drongri à Ventre Blanc” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 171 (syn. Dicrurus leucophaeus).
● ex “Martin-pêcheur de l’Île de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776 (Halcyon).
● ex “Hirondelle à ventre blanc de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 546, fig. 2 (Tachycineta).

Violaceous Quail-Dove (violacea)
SCI Name: Geotrygon violacea violacea
violacea
L. violaceus  violet-coloured, violaceous  < viola  violet.
● ex “Grand Traquet des Phillippines” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 185, fig. 2 (syn. Agropsar philippensis).
● ex “Fringilla violacea, fronte subtusque flavissima” of Linnaeus 1746 (Euphonia).
● "76. ARDEA.  ...  violacea.  12. A. crista flava, corpore nigro-cærulescente, fascia temporali alba.  Ardea stellaris cristata americana. Catesb. car. 1. p. 79. t. 79.  Habitat in America septentrionali." (Linnaeus 1758) (Nyctanassa).
● ex “Hirondelle de la Louisiane” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 722 (syn. Progne subis).
● ex "Coccothraustes purpurea. Purple Gross-beak" of Catesby 1731 (Pyrrhulagra).