Violet-fronted Brilliant / Heliodoxa leadbeateri

Violet-fronted Brilliant / Heliodoxa leadbeateri

Violet-fronted Brilliant

SCI Name:  Heliodoxa leadbeateri
Protonym:  Trochilus Leadbeateri Rev.Zool. 6 p.102
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  vifbri1
Type Locality:  Caracas, Venezuela.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1843
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

HELIODOXA
(Trochilidae; Violet-fronted Brilliant H. leadbeateri) Gr. ἡλιος hēlios  sun; δοξα doxa  glory, magnificence  < δεχομαι dekhomai  to approve; "Genus HELIODOXA, Gould.  Bill straight or slightly curved downwards, of moderate length; nostrils covered by an operculum; wings pointed, rigid, of moderate size, and well-adapted for sustaining flight; tail of moderate size, considerably forked; feet of moderate size; the outer toe and claw shorter than the inner toe and claw; the hind toe and claw the shortest of all; tarsi clothed with fine feathers.   Species, H. jacula, H. Leadbeateri (H. Otero?), H. rubinoïdes, and H. rubinia? " (Gould 1850); "Quatre espèces constituent le genre Delattria, qui a pour type Ornysmia henrica, Less.  ...  il est voisin du genre Heliodoxa, fondé tout dernièrement par Gould, mais dont le type est Trochilus Leadbeateri." (Bonaparte 1850); "Heliodoxa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 17, 1849 (Jan.-June, 1850), p. 95.  Type, by subsequent designation, Trochilus leadbeateri Bourcier, (Bonaparte, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 30, 8 Apr., 1850, p. 380.)   Heliodoxa "Gould" Bonaparte, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 30, 8 Apr., 1850, p. 380.  Type, by original designation, Trochilus leadbeateri Bourcier.   ...   On the basis of the evidence available, I am quite unable to discover whether Heliodoxa Gould or Leadbeatera Bonaparte is the prior generic name.  In using Heliodoxa I follow the principle of auctorum plurimorum." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 87).   
Synon. Agapeta, Agapetornis, Aspasta, Eugenia, Hypolia, Iolaema, Ionolaima, Lampraster, Leadbeatera, Phaiolaima, Placophorus, Polyplancta, Smaragdochroa, Strophiolaemus, Xanthogenyx, Xanthogonys.
• (Trochilidae; syn. Clytolaema  † Brazilian Ruby C. rubricauda) "Heliodoxa GOULD 1849.  ...  * β. Heliodoxa rubinea (Tr. — us LATH. 1781.) GOULD. — Brasil. Guiana.   —— Matthewsii (Tr. — BOURC. 1847.) RCHB. — Peru." (Reichenbach 1854); "Heliodoxa Reichenbach, 1854, Journ. für Ornith., I, Extraheft, Aufzählung der Colibris, p. 9.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 140 (Appendix)), Trochilus rubineus Lath., i.e. Trochilus rubineus Gmelin, 1788 = Trochilus rubricauda Boddaert, 1783." (JAJ 2020).

leadbeateri / leadbeaterii
● Benjamin Leadbeater, Sr. (1773-1851) English natural history dealer in London 1800-1837 (Bucorvus, Cacatua).
● "Nous avons dédié cette espèce a M. Leadbeater, naturaliste anglais distingué, qui possède l'une des plus belles collections d'oiseaux de cette famille" (Bourcier 1843) (cf. Benjamin Leadbeater, Sr. (1773-1851) and John Leadbeater, Sr. (1804-1856) English natural history dealers, agents and taxidermists) (Heliodoxa).
● John Leadbeater, Jr. (1832-1888) English natural history dealer and agent in Melbourne, taxidermist at National Mus., Melbourne (syn. Lichenostomus cassidix, syn. Opopsitta diophthalma macleayana, syn. Pardalotus punctatus xanthopyga).

SUBSPECIES

Violet-fronted Brilliant (leadbeateri)
SCI Name: Heliodoxa leadbeateri leadbeateri
leadbeateri / leadbeaterii
● Benjamin Leadbeater, Sr. (1773-1851) English natural history dealer in London 1800-1837 (Bucorvus, Cacatua).
● "Nous avons dédié cette espèce a M. Leadbeater, naturaliste anglais distingué, qui possède l'une des plus belles collections d'oiseaux de cette famille" (Bourcier 1843) (cf. Benjamin Leadbeater, Sr. (1773-1851) and John Leadbeater, Sr. (1804-1856) English natural history dealers, agents and taxidermists) (Heliodoxa).
● John Leadbeater, Jr. (1832-1888) English natural history dealer and agent in Melbourne, taxidermist at National Mus., Melbourne (syn. Lichenostomus cassidix, syn. Opopsitta diophthalma macleayana, syn. Pardalotus punctatus xanthopyga).

Violet-fronted Brilliant (parvula)
SCI Name: Heliodoxa leadbeateri parvula
parvula / parvulum / parvulus
L. parvulus  very small  < dim. parvus  small.

Violet-fronted Brilliant (sagitta)
SCI Name: Heliodoxa leadbeateri sagitta
sagitta
L. sagitta arrow.

Violet-fronted Brilliant (otero)
SCI Name: Heliodoxa leadbeateri otero
otero
Maj.-Gen. Francisco de Paula Otero Goyechea (1786-1854) Peruvian Army (born in Argentina), hero of Peruvian independence (subsp. Helidoxa leadbeateri).