Empress Brilliant / Heliodoxa imperatrix

Empress Brilliant / Heliodoxa imperatrix

Empress Brilliant

SCI Name:  Heliodoxa imperatrix
Protonym:  Eugenia imperatrix Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1855) (1855), Pt23 no.296 p.192
Taxonomy:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  empbri1
Type Locality:  Andean forests in the neighborhood of Quito.
Publish Year:  1856
IUCN Status:  


(Trochilidae; Violet-fronted Brilliant H. leadbeateri) Gr. ἡλιος hēlios  sun; δοξα doxa  glory, magnificence  < δεχομαι dekhomai  to approve; "Genus HELIODOXA, Gould.  Bill straight or slightly curved downwards, of moderate length; nostrils covered by an operculum; wings pointed, rigid, of moderate size, and well-adapted for sustaining flight; tail of moderate size, considerably forked; feet of moderate size; the outer toe and claw shorter than the inner toe and claw; the hind toe and claw the shortest of all; tarsi clothed with fine feathers.   Species, H. jacula, H. Leadbeateri (H. Otero?), H. rubinoïdes, and H. rubinia? " (Gould 1850); "Quatre espèces constituent le genre Delattria, qui a pour type Ornysmia henrica, Less.  ...  il est voisin du genre Heliodoxa, fondé tout dernièrement par Gould, mais dont le type est Trochilus Leadbeateri." (Bonaparte 1850); "Heliodoxa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 17, 1849 (Jan.-June, 1850), p. 95.  Type, by subsequent designation, Trochilus leadbeateri Bourcier, (Bonaparte, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 30, 8 Apr., 1850, p. 380.)   Heliodoxa "Gould" Bonaparte, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 30, 8 Apr., 1850, p. 380.  Type, by original designation, Trochilus leadbeateri Bourcier.   ...   On the basis of the evidence available, I am quite unable to discover whether Heliodoxa Gould or Leadbeatera Bonaparte is the prior generic name.  In using Heliodoxa I follow the principle of auctorum plurimorum." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 87).   
Synon. Agapeta, Agapetornis, Aspasta, Eugenia, Hypolia, Iolaema, Ionolaima, Lampraster, Leadbeatera, Phaiolaima, Placophorus, Polyplancta, Smaragdochroa, Strophiolaemus, Xanthogenyx, Xanthogonys.
• (Trochilidae; syn. Clytolaema  † Brazilian Ruby C. rubricauda) "Heliodoxa GOULD 1849.  ...  * β. Heliodoxa rubinea (Tr. — us LATH. 1781.) GOULD. — Brasil. Guiana.   —— Matthewsii (Tr. — BOURC. 1847.) RCHB. — Peru." (Reichenbach 1854); "Heliodoxa Reichenbach, 1854, Journ. für Ornith., I, Extraheft, Aufzählung der Colibris, p. 9.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 140 (Appendix)), Trochilus rubineus Lath., i.e. Trochilus rubineus Gmelin, 1788 = Trochilus rubricauda Boddaert, 1783." (JAJ 2020).

L. imperatrix, imperatricis  empress, mistress  < imperator, imperatoris  emperor, commander  < imperare  to rule over.
● Eugénie Empress of the French, formerly Eugénia María de Montijo de Guzmán Contessa de Teba (1826–1920; reigned 1853–1870) wife of Napoléon III (Heliodoxa).