Green-crowned Brilliant / Heliodoxa jacula

Green-crowned Brilliant / Heliodoxa jacula

Green-crowned Brilliant

SCI Name:  Heliodoxa jacula
Protonym:  Heliodoxa jacula Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1849) (1849), Pt17 no.195 p.96
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  grcbri1
Type Locality:  Bogota, Colombia.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1850
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

HELIODOXA
(Trochilidae; Violet-fronted Brilliant H. leadbeateri) Gr. ἡλιος hēlios  sun; δοξα doxa  glory, magnificence  < δεχομαι dekhomai  to approve; "Genus HELIODOXA, Gould.  Bill straight or slightly curved downwards, of moderate length; nostrils covered by an operculum; wings pointed, rigid, of moderate size, and well-adapted for sustaining flight; tail of moderate size, considerably forked; feet of moderate size; the outer toe and claw shorter than the inner toe and claw; the hind toe and claw the shortest of all; tarsi clothed with fine feathers.   Species, H. jacula, H. Leadbeateri (H. Otero?), H. rubinoïdes, and H. rubinia? " (Gould 1850); "Quatre espèces constituent le genre Delattria, qui a pour type Ornysmia henrica, Less.  ...  il est voisin du genre Heliodoxa, fondé tout dernièrement par Gould, mais dont le type est Trochilus Leadbeateri." (Bonaparte 1850); "Heliodoxa Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 17, 1849 (Jan.-June, 1850), p. 95.  Type, by subsequent designation, Trochilus leadbeateri Bourcier, (Bonaparte, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 30, 8 Apr., 1850, p. 380.)   Heliodoxa "Gould" Bonaparte, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 30, 8 Apr., 1850, p. 380.  Type, by original designation, Trochilus leadbeateri Bourcier.   ...   On the basis of the evidence available, I am quite unable to discover whether Heliodoxa Gould or Leadbeatera Bonaparte is the prior generic name.  In using Heliodoxa I follow the principle of auctorum plurimorum." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 87).   
Synon. Agapeta, Agapetornis, Aspasta, Eugenia, Hypolia, Iolaema, Ionolaima, Lampraster, Leadbeatera, Phaiolaima, Placophorus, Polyplancta, Smaragdochroa, Strophiolaemus, Xanthogenyx, Xanthogonys.
• (Trochilidae; syn. Clytolaema  † Brazilian Ruby C. rubricauda) "Heliodoxa GOULD 1849.  ...  * β. Heliodoxa rubinea (Tr. — us LATH. 1781.) GOULD. — Brasil. Guiana.   —— Matthewsii (Tr. — BOURC. 1847.) RCHB. — Peru." (Reichenbach 1854); "Heliodoxa Reichenbach, 1854, Journ. für Ornith., I, Extraheft, Aufzählung der Colibris, p. 9.  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 140 (Appendix)), Trochilus rubineus Lath., i.e. Trochilus rubineus Gmelin, 1788 = Trochilus rubricauda Boddaert, 1783." (JAJ 2020).

jacula
L. iaculus  thrown, darting  < iacare  to throw (cf. Late L. iaculum  arrow).

SUBSPECIES

Green-crowned Brilliant (henryi)
SCI Name: Heliodoxa jacula henryi
henryi
● Lt.-Col. Thomas Charlton Henry (1825-1877) US Army surgeon, collector (subsp. Chordeiles minor).
● Prof. Joseph Henry (1797-1878) US scientist, pioneer in electro-magnetism, first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution 1846-1878 (Martin Schneider in litt.) (subsp. Heliodoxa jacula).

Green-crowned Brilliant (jacula)
SCI Name: Heliodoxa jacula jacula
jacula
L. iaculus  thrown, darting  < iacare  to throw (cf. Late L. iaculum  arrow).

Green-crowned Brilliant (jamersoni)
SCI Name: Heliodoxa jacula jamersoni
jamersoni
Prof. William Jameson (1796-1873) Scottish academician, botanist, zoologist, collector in Quito, Ecuador 1826-1873 (subsp. Heliodoxa jacula). In the past this eponym was often incorrectly amended to jamesoni.