Weka / Gallirallus australis

Weka / Gallirallus australis

Weka

SCI Name:  Gallirallus australis
Protonym:  Rallus australis Mus.Carls. fasc.1 no.xiv pl.14
Category:  Gruiformes / Rallidae /
Taxonomy Code:  weka1
Type Locality:  New Zealand, restricted type locaUty, Dusky Sound, South Island.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1786
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

GALLIRALLUS
(Rallidae; Weka G. australis) Portmanteau of genera Gallus Brisson 1760, fowl, and Rallus Linnaeus, 1758, rail; "Genus Rallus, sub-genus Galli-rallus de Lafr. — Caractère du sous-genre: Rostrum Ralli, sectionis Crex (Bechst.), elongatum, compressum, rectum, culmine supra nares paulisper depresso, apice parum arcuato; nares mediocres, ovalæ, in fovea ampla plus quam dimidiam partem rostri occupante, ad apicem anticum et medium rostrum apertæ, hac fovea membrana obtecta; pedes ambulatorii, gallinacei, validi, tarsis robustissimis, digitis totis liberis, prælongis et fortibus; pollice mediocri uti apud Rallos tarso inserto, unguibus mediocribus parum curvatis; alæ brevissimæ, obtusissimæ, mollissimæ ad volatum ut versimile paucissimæ aptæ; cauda satis elongata, conica, exilis, e pennis mollibus formata; ptilosis tota lanuginosa et mollissima.  Gallirallus brachypterus de Lafr." (de La Fresnaye 1841); "Galli-rallus Lafresnaye, Rev. Zool., 1841, p. 234 [sic= 243].  Type, by monotypy, Gallirallus brachypterus Lafresnaye = Rallus troglodytes Gmelin." (Peters, 1934, II, 177); "GALLIRALLUS Lafresnaye, 1841  M  — Gallirallus brachypterus Lafresnaye, 1841; type by monotypy = Rallus australis Sparrman, 1786  ...  Includes "troglodytes"" (Dickinson and Remsen (eds.), H. & M. Complete Checklist, 4th ed., 2013, 1 (Non-passerines), p. 134).
Synon. BrachypteryxOcydromus, Sylvestrornis, Tricholimnas.

australe / australis
L. australis  southern  < auster, austri  south.
● Tierra del Fuego; ex “Thorn-tailed Warbler” of Latham 1783 (syn. Aphrastura spinicauda).
● Cayenne; ex “Southern Sandpiper” of Latham 1785 (?syn. Calidris canutus).
● Erroneous TL "Friendly Islands" (= Tasmania); ex "South-Sea Raven" of Latham 1781 (syn. Corvus coronoides).
● Erroneous TL. New Guinea (= Luzon, Philippines); ex “Manikor de la Nouvelle Guinée” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Dicaeum).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Snipe” of Latham 1801 (syn. Gallinago hardwickii).
● Australia; ex “Pacific Paroquet (var.)” of Phillip 1789 (syn. Glossopsitta concinna).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Pelican” of Latham 1824 (syn. Pelecanus conspicillatus).
● Australia; ex “Cold-river Goatsucker” of Latham 1823 (syn. Podargus strigoides).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Quail” of Latham 1802 (Synoicus).
● Tasmania; ex Brown MS (syn. Lathamus discolor).
● Dusky Sound, New Zealand (syn. Nestor meridionalis).
● Staten I., off Tierra del Fuego (= Isla de los Estados, Argentina); ex “Statenland Eagle” of Latham 1781 (Phalcoboenus).
● Christmas I.; ex "Southern Tern" of Latham 1785 (syn. Procelsterna caerulea) (so identified by Stresemann 1950).
● Kerguelen I.; ex “Southern Tern” of Latham 1785 (?syn. Sterna vittata).
● Madagascar; ex “Palumbus viridis Madagascariensis” of Brisson 1760 (Treron).
● Erroneous TL. Sandwich Is. (= Samoa); ex “Blue-crested Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (Vini).
● Tierra del Fuego; ex “Rusty-collared Finch” of Latham 1783 (subsp. Zonotrichia capensis).

SUBSPECIES

Weka (greyi)
SCI Name: Gallirallus australis greyi
greyi / greyii
● Capt. Sir George Grey (1812-1898) British Army, explorer in Australia, Lt.-Gov. of South Australia 1841-1845, Gov. of New Zealand 1846-1854, 1861-1867, Gov. and C-i-C of Cape Colony 1855-1859, Prime Minister of New Zealand 1877-1879 (syn. Egretta sacra, subsp. Gallirallus australis, Ptilinopus, syn. Strigops habroptilus).
● Sir Edward Grey, 3rd Bt. and Viscount Grey of Fallodon (1862-1933) British statesman, naturalist, writer (syn. Poeoptera stuhlmanni).

Weka (australis)
SCI Name: Gallirallus australis australis
australe / australis
L. australis  southern  < auster, austri  south.
● Tierra del Fuego; ex “Thorn-tailed Warbler” of Latham 1783 (syn. Aphrastura spinicauda).
● Cayenne; ex “Southern Sandpiper” of Latham 1785 (?syn. Calidris canutus).
● Erroneous TL "Friendly Islands" (= Tasmania); ex "South-Sea Raven" of Latham 1781 (syn. Corvus coronoides).
● Erroneous TL. New Guinea (= Luzon, Philippines); ex “Manikor de la Nouvelle Guinée” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Dicaeum).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Snipe” of Latham 1801 (syn. Gallinago hardwickii).
● Australia; ex “Pacific Paroquet (var.)” of Phillip 1789 (syn. Glossopsitta concinna).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Pelican” of Latham 1824 (syn. Pelecanus conspicillatus).
● Australia; ex “Cold-river Goatsucker” of Latham 1823 (syn. Podargus strigoides).
● Australia; ex “New Holland Quail” of Latham 1802 (Synoicus).
● Tasmania; ex Brown MS (syn. Lathamus discolor).
● Dusky Sound, New Zealand (syn. Nestor meridionalis).
● Staten I., off Tierra del Fuego (= Isla de los Estados, Argentina); ex “Statenland Eagle” of Latham 1781 (Phalcoboenus).
● Christmas I.; ex "Southern Tern" of Latham 1785 (syn. Procelsterna caerulea) (so identified by Stresemann 1950).
● Kerguelen I.; ex “Southern Tern” of Latham 1785 (?syn. Sterna vittata).
● Madagascar; ex “Palumbus viridis Madagascariensis” of Brisson 1760 (Treron).
● Erroneous TL. Sandwich Is. (= Samoa); ex “Blue-crested Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (Vini).
● Tierra del Fuego; ex “Rusty-collared Finch” of Latham 1783 (subsp. Zonotrichia capensis).

Weka (hectori)
SCI Name: Gallirallus australis hectori
hectori
Sir James Hector (1834-1907) Canadian geologist, surgeon, explorer in North America 1857-1860, Director of Geological Survey of New Zealand 1865 (subsp. Gallirallus australis, ‡syn. Megalapteryx didinus, syn. Podiceps cristatus australis, ‡syn. Turnagra tanagra).

Weka (scotti)
SCI Name: Gallirallus australis scotti
scotti / scottii
● William Earle Dodge Scott (1852-1910) US ornithologist at Mus. of Biology, Princeton 1876-1910 (subsp. Aimophila ruficeps, subsp. Rallus crepitans, syn. Vireo olivaceus (Laurent Raty in litt.)).
● Lt. Algot Erling Scott-Skovs (1899-1943) Danish ornithologist in British Army (SOE; executed by the Japanese), explorer, collector (syn. Alectoris chukar cypriotes).
● Prof. John Halliday Scott (1851-1914) Scottish surgeon, anthropologist, water-colourist, settled in New Zealand 1877, Dean of Medical School, University of Otago (subsp. Gallirallus australis).
● Maj.-Gen. Winfield Scott (1786-1866) US Army (syn. Icterus parisorum).
● Capt. George Francis Scott-Elliott (1862-1934) British Army, botanist, explorer, collector in tropical Africa and South America (syn. Zosterops senegalensis stuhlmanni).