Chestnut Rail / Gallirallus castaneoventris

Chestnut Rail / Gallirallus castaneoventris

Chestnut Rail

SCI Name:  Gallirallus castaneoventris
Protonym:  Eulabeornis castaneoventris Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt12 no.133 p.56
Category:  Gruiformes / Rallidae /
Taxonomy Code:  cherai1
Type Locality:  North coast of Australia = Flinders River, Gulf of Carpenteria, apud Mathews.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1844
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

GALLIRALLUS
(Rallidae; Weka G. australis) Portmanteau of genera Gallus Brisson 1760, fowl, and Rallus Linnaeus, 1758, rail; "Genus Rallus, sub-genus Galli-rallus de Lafr. — Caractère du sous-genre: Rostrum Ralli, sectionis Crex (Bechst.), elongatum, compressum, rectum, culmine supra nares paulisper depresso, apice parum arcuato; nares mediocres, ovalæ, in fovea ampla plus quam dimidiam partem rostri occupante, ad apicem anticum et medium rostrum apertæ, hac fovea membrana obtecta; pedes ambulatorii, gallinacei, validi, tarsis robustissimis, digitis totis liberis, prælongis et fortibus; pollice mediocri uti apud Rallos tarso inserto, unguibus mediocribus parum curvatis; alæ brevissimæ, obtusissimæ, mollissimæ ad volatum ut versimile paucissimæ aptæ; cauda satis elongata, conica, exilis, e pennis mollibus formata; ptilosis tota lanuginosa et mollissima.  Gallirallus brachypterus de Lafr." (de La Fresnaye 1841); "Galli-rallus Lafresnaye, Rev. Zool., 1841, p. 234 [sic= 243].  Type, by monotypy, Gallirallus brachypterus Lafresnaye = Rallus troglodytes Gmelin." (Peters, 1934, II, 177); "GALLIRALLUS Lafresnaye, 1841  M  — Gallirallus brachypterus Lafresnaye, 1841; type by monotypy = Rallus australis Sparrman, 1786  ...  Includes "troglodytes"" (Dickinson and Remsen (eds.), H. & M. Complete Checklist, 4th ed., 2013, 1 (Non-passerines), p. 134).
Synon. BrachypteryxOcydromus, Sylvestrornis, Tricholimnas.

castaneoventris
L. castaneus  chestnut-brown  < castanea  chestnut  < Gr. καστανον kastanon  chestnut; venter, ventris  belly.
● ex “Ferruginous-bellied Nuthatch” of Latham 1822 (syn. Sitta castanea).

SUBSPECIES

Chestnut Rail (sharpei)
SCI Name: Gallirallus castaneoventris sharpei
sharpei
Dr Richard Bowdler Sharpe (1847-1909) British ornithologist at BMNH 1872-1909, founder member of BOC 1892 (subsp. Accipiter albogularis, subsp. Aegithalos bonvaloti, subsp. Anthoscopus sylviella, subsp. Camaroptera brachyura, subsp. Caprimulgus tristigma, syn. Ceyx erithaca, syn. Chrysococcyx cupreus, subsp. Coereba flaveola, subsp. Columba delegorguei, syn. Coracias naevius, subsp. Dactylortyx thoracicus, subsp. Dicrurus ludwigii, syn. Edolisoma incertum, syn. Eremomela icteropygialis saturatior, Euchrepomis, subsp. Eulabeornis castaneoventris, syn. Euschistospiza dybowskii, syn. Hypotaenidia philippensisLalage, syn. Laterallus spilonotus, syn. Lophura nycthemera lineata, Macronyx, subsp. Melanospiza bicolor, subsp. Meliphaga aruensis, syn. Merops pusillus cyanostictus, Monticola, syn. Muscicapa boehmi, syn. Myzomela melanocephala, subsp. Pachycephala pectoralis, syn. Phoeniculus bollei, syn. Phyllastrephus strepitans, syn. Picumnus albosquamatus guttifer, Picus, syn. Pogoniulus chrysoconus, syn. Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana, syn. Rhipidura albiscapaSheppardia, subsp. Sicalis uropigyalis, Smithornis, syn. Smutsornis africanus, subsp. Sporophila morelleti, syn. Tauraco schuettii emini, subsp. Telacanthura ussheri, subsp. Treron calvus, subsp. Trochalopteron milnei, Turdoides, syn. Zosterops atrifrons) (see sharpii).

Chestnut Rail (castaneoventris)
SCI Name: Gallirallus castaneoventris castaneoventris
castaneoventris
L. castaneus  chestnut-brown  < castanea  chestnut  < Gr. καστανον kastanon  chestnut; venter, ventris  belly.
● ex “Ferruginous-bellied Nuthatch” of Latham 1822 (syn. Sitta castanea).