White-browed Bushchat / Saxicola macrorhynchus

White-browed Bushchat / Saxicola macrorhynchus

White-browed Bushchat

SCI Name:  Saxicola macrorhynchus
Protonym:  Pratincola macrorhyncha J.Asiat.Soc.Bengal 41 p.238
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Muscicapidae /
Taxonomy Code:  whbbus4
Type Locality:  near Rapur, Wagur District and near Bhuj, Kutch.
Publish Year:  1872
IUCN Status:  


(Muscicapidae; Ϯ Common Stonechat S. torquatus rubicola) L. saxum, saxi  stone; -cola  dweller  < colere  to inhabit; "Gattung. Steinschmätzer. Saxicola.   ...  Sie machen den schicklichsten Uebergang zu den Fliegenfängern nach Gestalt und Lebensart; nisten auf der Erde oder in Löchern, und fressen blos Insekten, und zwar Käferarten und Fliegen.  *1. Großer Steinschmätzer (S. Oenanthe).   ...  *2. Braunkehliger Steinschmätzer (S. Rubetra).   ...  Ϯ3. Schwarzkehliger Steinschmätzer (S. Rubicola)" (Bechstein 1802); “Bechstein’s genus Saxicola  ...  contains three species only: œnanthe (Wheatear), rubetra (Whinchat), and rubicola (Stonechat). No type was originally designated, but Swainson (Zoologist Journ. iii. 1827, p. 172) subsequently fixed as the type Motacilla rubicola. Gray in 1841 and Seebohm (Cat. Bds. B. M. v. 1881, p. 362) made “œnanthe” the type; there can be no doubt, however, that Swainson’s designation must stand, and another name be found for the Wheatears” (BOU 1915); "Saxicola Bechstein, 1803, Orn. Taschenb., (1802), p. 216. Type, by subsequent designation (Swainson, 1827, Zool. Journ., 3, p. 172), Motacilla rubicola Linnaeus." (Ripley in Peters 1964, X, 104). Some workers believe that this form could be split into as many as seven species (i.e. S. torquatus, S. rubicola, S. maurus, S. przewalskii, S. stejnegeri, S. albofasciatus, S. sibilla).  
Var. Laxicola.
Synon. CurrucaFruticicola, Pratincola, Rhodophila, Rubetra.
● (syn. Oenanthe Ϯ Northern Wheatear O. oenanthe) Formerly this name was much used for the wheatears and similar chat-like species (see above).

L. saxum, saxi  stone, rock; -cola  dweller  < colere  to inhabit.

macrorhyncha / macrorhynchos / macrorhynchus
Gr. μακρορρυγχος makrorrhunkhos long-billed < μακρος makros long; ῥυγχος rhunkhos bill.
● ex “Great-billed Tody” of Latham 1782 (Cymbirhynchus).
● ex “Perroquet de la nouvelle Guinée” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 713, “Perroquet à bec couleur de sang” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Great-billed Parrot” of Latham 1781 (syn. Tanygnathus megalorhynchos).
● ex “Plus grand Barbu à gros bec de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 689, “Plus grand Tamatia noir et blanc” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Greater Pied Barbet” of Latham 1782 (Notharchus).