White-fronted Woodpecker / Melanerpes cactorum

White-fronted Woodpecker / Melanerpes cactorum

White-fronted Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Melanerpes cactorum
Protonym:  Picus cactorum Voy.Am.merid. 4 livr.51 pl.62 fig.2
Taxonomy:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  whfwoo1
Type Locality:  Near Chaluani and Chilon, Mizque, Bolivia.
Publish Year:  1839
IUCN Status:  


(Picidae; Ϯ Red-headed Woodpecker M. erythrocephalus) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; ἑρπης herpēs  creeper  < ἑρπω herpō  to crawl; "1. MELANERPES ERYTHROCEPHALUS. (Sw.)  Red-headed Woodpecker.   GENUS, Melanerpes*, SWAINS.   Sub-genus, (Typical form) SWAINS.   ...   This Woodpecker, so well known in the United States for the havoc it commits in the orchards, ranges in summer from the northern shores of Lake Huron to the Gulf of Mexico.   ...   *Th. μελας, niger, et ερπο, repo" (Swainson 1832); "Melanerpes Swainson, Fauna Bor.-Am., 2, 1831 (1832), p. 316. Type, by monotypy, Picus erythrocephalus Linné." (Peters 1948, VI, 157).
Var. Melanoherpes, Malanerpes.
Synon. Asyndesmus, Balanosphyra, Cactocraugus, Centurus, Chryserpes, Colombpicus, Leuconerpes, Leucopicus, Linneopicus, Melampicos, Meropicus, Phymatoblepharus, Trichopicus, Trichopipo, Tripsurus, Zebrapicus.

Mod. L. cactorum   cactus-, of the cacti  < Botanical genus Cactus  Linnaeus, 1753, cactus  < L. cactus  prickly plant  < Gr. κακτος kaktos  spiny plant, identification uncertain.