Hispaniolan Woodpecker / Melanerpes striatus

Hispaniolan Woodpecker / Melanerpes striatus

Hispaniolan Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Melanerpes striatus
Protonym:  Picas striatus Natursyst.Suppl. Suppl. p.91
Taxonomy:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  hiswoo1
Type Locality:  Santo Domingo.
Publish Year:  1776
IUCN Status:  


(Picidae; Ϯ Red-headed Woodpecker M. erythrocephalus) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; ἑρπης herpēs  creeper  < ἑρπω herpō  to crawl; "1. MELANERPES ERYTHROCEPHALUS. (Sw.)  Red-headed Woodpecker.   GENUS, Melanerpes*, SWAINS.   Sub-genus, (Typical form) SWAINS.   ...   This Woodpecker, so well known in the United States for the havoc it commits in the orchards, ranges in summer from the northern shores of Lake Huron to the Gulf of Mexico.   ...   *Th. μελας, niger, et ερπο, repo" (Swainson 1832); "Melanerpes Swainson, Fauna Bor.-Am., 2, 1831 (1832), p. 316. Type, by monotypy, Picus erythrocephalus Linné." (Peters 1948, VI, 157).
Var. Melanoherpes, Malanerpes.
Synon. Asyndesmus, Balanosphyra, Cactocraugus, Centurus, Chryserpes, Colombpicus, Leuconerpes, Leucopicus, Linneopicus, Melampicos, Meropicus, Phymatoblepharus, Trichopicus, Trichopipo, Tripsurus, Zebrapicus.

L. striatus  striated  < striare  to striate  < stria  furrow (see also striata).
● "76. ARDEA.  ...  striata.  14. A. occipite subcristato, dorso cano striato, collo subtus ferrugineo, remigibus secundariis apice albis. RolanderHabitat Surinami.  Vertex niger nucha subcristata. Remiges fuscæ, sed secundariæ tantum margine apicis albæ." (Linnaeus 1758) (Butorides).
● ex “Brown-crowned Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (syn. Chrysolampis mosquitus).
● ex “Coliou rayé” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Radiated Coly” of Latham 1783 (Colius).
● ex “Speckled Diver” and “Striped Diver” of Pennant 1785, and of Latham 1785 (syn. Gavia stellata ☼).
● ex “Pic rayé de S. Domingue” of Brisson 1760 (Melanerpes).
● ex “Striated Roller” of Latham 1801 (syn. Oriolus sagittatus).
ex “Striped-headed Manakin” of Latham 1783 (Pardalotus).
● ex “Grande Caille de Madagascar” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Madagascar Quail” of Latham 1783 (unident.).
● ex “Grive 1ère” of Fermin 1769, and “Yellow-backed Thrush” of Latham 1783 (unident.).