African Sacred Ibis
Protonym: Tantalus aethiopicus IndexOrn. 2 p.706
Taxonomy: Pelecaniformes / Threskiornithidae / Threskiornis
Taxonomy Code: sacibi2
Type Locality: 'Aethiopia'' = ? Egypt (cf. Bruce, 1790, Travels Source Nile, 5, p. 172, pi. ).
Publish Year: 1790
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Threskiornithidae; Ϯ Sacred Ibis T. aethiopicus) Gr. θρησκεια thrēskeia religious worship < θρησκευω thrēskeuō to worship; ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos bird; "Ibis, I. æthiopica, Lath. should form the type of a distinct division, to which I give the name of THRESKIORNIS (1842). T. æthiopica (Lath.), G. R. Gray" (G. Gray 1842). The Sacred Ibis was venerated by the ancient Egyptians, who, by reason of its crescent-shaped bill and bright white plumage, considered it to represent Thoth the moon god. Cabard & Chauvet 2003, relate that Thoth was also the patron of scribes, and that the long bill of the ibis represented the pens or quills with which they wrote.
Var. Thresciornis, Threschiornis, Thereschiornis, Thereshiornis, Threscornis.
Synon. Apterornis, Borbonibis, Carphibis, Ibis, Ornithaptera, Setibis.
aethiopica / aethiopicus
L. Aethiopicus Ethiopian, African < Gr. Αιθιοπικος Aithiopikos Ethiopian, negro < αιθω aithō to burn; ωψ ōps, ωπος ōpos face.
● ex “Merle noir et blanc d’Abissinie” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Ethiopian Thrush” of Latham 1783 (Laniarius).
● ex “Abou Hannes” of Bruce 1790 (Threskiornis).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)