Australian Masked-Owl / Tyto novaehollandiae

Australian Masked-Owl / Tyto novaehollandiae

Australian Masked-Owl

SCI Name:  Tyto novaehollandiae
Protonym:  Strix (?) Novae Hollandiae Gen.Zool.[Shaw] 13 pt2 p.61
Category:  Strigiformes / Tytonidae /
Taxonomy Code:  aumowl1
Type Locality:  New Holland = New South Wales.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1826
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

TYTO
(Tytonidae; Ϯ Common Barn Owl T. alba) Gr. τυτω tutō, τυτους tutous  owl, night-owl; the Common Barn Owl is the most widespread owl in the world, although recent work suggests that some of its subspecies, for example in the Americas and in Australasia, should be elevated to specific status; "1. Strix,  2. Tyto B. (Strix Savigny)." (Billberg 1828); "Tyto Billberg, Syn. Faun. Scand., 1, pt. 2, 1828, tab. A.  Type, by monotypy, Strix flammea auct. = Strix alba Scopoli." (Peters 1940, IV, 77).
Synon. Aluco, Dactylostrix, Eustrinx, Flammea, Glaucostrix, Glaux, Glyphidiura, Heliodilus, Hybris, Megastrix, Nyctimene, Scelostrix, Stridula, Strigymnhemipus, Strix.
● (syn. Strix Ϯ Brown Wood Owl S. leptogrammica) "Genus Tyto Heine [Myrtha (!) Bp. 1854]" (Heine 1890).  A purist replacement name.

novaehollandae / novaehollandia / novaehollandiae
L. novus  new; Mod. L. Hollandia  Holland, Netherlands; i.e. New Holland (Mod. L. Nova Hollandia or Hollandia Nova), the name given to Western Australia by early Dutch explorers, and by which Australia was known to Europeans during the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries. In ornithology the name is usually synonymous with eastern Australia, especially the modern state of New South Wales.
● ex “New-Holland White Eagle”of Latham 1781 (Accipiter).
● ex “Crested Goatsucker” of Phillip 1789 (syn. Aegotheles cristatus).
● Erroneous TL. New Holland (= Van Diemens Land = Tasmania) (syn. Anthochaera paradoxa).
● ex “White-fronted Heron” of Phillip 1789 (Ardea).
● ex “New Holland Thrush” of atham 1783 (Coracina).
● ex “New-Holland Cassowary” of Phillip 1789, and White 1790 (Dromaius).
● ex “New Holland Penguin” of Latham 1824 (Eudyptula).
● ex "Crimson-billed Gull" of Latham, 1824 (Larus).
● ex “Crested Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (syn. Nymphicus hollandicus).
● ex “New Holland Tern” of Latham 1824 (syn. Onychoprion anaethetus).
● ex “New Holland Shag” of Latham 1824 (subsp. Phalacrocorax carbo).
● ex “New Holland Creeper” of White 1790 (Phylidonyris).
 Erroneous TL. New Holland (= New Zealand) (syn. Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae).
● ex “Psittaceous Hornbill” of Phillip 1789 (Scythrops).
● ex “New-Holland Grebe” of Latham 1824 (Tachybaptus).
● ex “Blue-bellied Parrot” of Brown 1776 (syn. Trichoglossus moluccanus).
● ex “Mouse Owl” of Latham 1821 (Tyto).
● ex "Wattled Sandpiper" of Latham 1801 (subsp. Vanellus miles).

SUBSPECIES

Australian Masked-Owl (calabyi)
SCI Name: Tyto novaehollandiae calabyi
calabyi
Dr. John Henry Calaby (1922-1998) Australian zoologist with CSIRO 1950-1987, environmentalist (subsp. Tyto novaehollandiae).

Australian Masked-Owl (melvillensis)
SCI Name: Tyto novaehollandiae melvillensis
melvillense / melvillensis / melvilli
Melville I., Northern Territory, Australia.

Australian Masked-Owl (galei)
SCI Name: Tyto novaehollandiae galei
galei
Capt. Gale (fl. 1913); no further details supplied (Mathews 1914, South Australian Orn., 1 (2), 12) (?Capt. James Gale (1842-1913) Manx/US mariner, served under Garibaldi, Florida orange magnate and buyer; ? Capt. Gale (fl. 1914) master of a clipper that traded between England and New Zealand (Beolens et al. 2014)) (subsp. Tyto novaehollandiae).

Australian Masked-Owl (kimberli)
SCI Name: Tyto novaehollandiae kimberli
kimberleyi / kimberli / kimbleyensis
Kimberley Region, northern Western Australia.

Australian Masked-Owl (novaehollandiae)
SCI Name: Tyto novaehollandiae novaehollandiae
novaehollandae / novaehollandia / novaehollandiae
L. novus  new; Mod. L. Hollandia  Holland, Netherlands; i.e. New Holland (Mod. L. Nova Hollandia or Hollandia Nova), the name given to Western Australia by early Dutch explorers, and by which Australia was known to Europeans during the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries. In ornithology the name is usually synonymous with eastern Australia, especially the modern state of New South Wales.
● ex “New-Holland White Eagle”of Latham 1781 (Accipiter).
● ex “Crested Goatsucker” of Phillip 1789 (syn. Aegotheles cristatus).
● Erroneous TL. New Holland (= Van Diemens Land = Tasmania) (syn. Anthochaera paradoxa).
● ex “White-fronted Heron” of Phillip 1789 (Ardea).
● ex “New Holland Thrush” of atham 1783 (Coracina).
● ex “New-Holland Cassowary” of Phillip 1789, and White 1790 (Dromaius).
● ex “New Holland Penguin” of Latham 1824 (Eudyptula).
● ex "Crimson-billed Gull" of Latham, 1824 (Larus).
● ex “Crested Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (syn. Nymphicus hollandicus).
● ex “New Holland Tern” of Latham 1824 (syn. Onychoprion anaethetus).
● ex “New Holland Shag” of Latham 1824 (subsp. Phalacrocorax carbo).
● ex “New Holland Creeper” of White 1790 (Phylidonyris).
 Erroneous TL. New Holland (= New Zealand) (syn. Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae).
● ex “Psittaceous Hornbill” of Phillip 1789 (Scythrops).
● ex “New-Holland Grebe” of Latham 1824 (Tachybaptus).
● ex “Blue-bellied Parrot” of Brown 1776 (syn. Trichoglossus moluccanus).
● ex “Mouse Owl” of Latham 1821 (Tyto).
● ex "Wattled Sandpiper" of Latham 1801 (subsp. Vanellus miles).

Australian Masked-Owl (castanops)
SCI Name: Tyto novaehollandiae castanops
castanops
Gr. καστανον kastanon  chestnut; ωψ ōps, ωπος ōpos  face.