Protonym: Ortyx fasciatus Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1843) (1843), Pt11 no.128 p.133
Category: Galliformes / Odontophoridae / Philortyx
Taxonomy Code: banqua1
Type Locality: California, error = Mexico.
Publish Year: 1844
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Odontophoridae; Ϯ Banded Quail P. fasciatus) Gr. φιλη philē dear friend < φιλος philos pleasing < φιλεω phileō to love; genus Ortyx Stephens, 1819, bobwhite; "PHILORTYX FASCIATUS, Gould. Fasciated Partridge. ... THIS is certainly one of the most interesting members of the group that has lately been discovered; being not only a very elegant and beautiful bird in itself, but rendered remarkably distinct from every other species of the family by the totally different style of its markings, and by the broad and truncated form of its feathers, which much resemble those of some of the Tree Grouse (genus Bonasa)." (Gould 1846); "PHILORTYX ... General form that of Ortyx; plumage soft and yielding; feathers of the mantle, scapularies, chest and flanks broad and truncate; those of the two latter distinctly barred across with black and white, and not spotted. The only known species is ... Philortyx fasciatus" (Gould 1850); "Philortyx Gould, Monogr. Odontoph., pt. 2, 1846, pl.  and text [= pl. 14 of bound volume]. Type, by monotypy, Ortyx fasciatus Gould." (Peters 1934, II, 46).
fasciatum / fasciatus
Late L. fasciatus banded < L. fascia band, stripe.
● ex “Calao Longibande” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 233 (Lophoceros).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à poitrine tachetée de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 574, fig. 3 (Myiophobus).
● ex “Ynambuí” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 327 (syn. Nothura maculosa).
● ex “Merle des Moluques” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 257 (syn. Pitta moluccensis).
● ex “Gélinotte des Indes” of Sonnerat 1782 (syn. Pterocles indicus).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)