Sudan Golden Sparrow / Passer luteus

Sudan Golden Sparrow / Passer luteus

Sudan Golden Sparrow

SCI Name:  Passer luteus
Protonym:  Fringilla luteus Verz.Doubl.Zool.Mus.Berlin p.24
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Passeridae /
Taxonomy Code:  sugspa1
Type Locality:  Dongola, Sudan.
Publish Year:  1823
IUCN Status:  


(Passeridae; Ϯ House Sparrow P. domesticus) L. passer, passeris  sparrow; "Rostro in apicem crassum & brevem exeunte; { Rostri basi capiti latitudine multo cedente. . . . . .Passer. Genus 33.   ...   XXXIII. Genus Passerinum.  Le genre du Moineau.  ...  1. LE MOINEAU FRANC  ...  PASSER DOMESTICUS.  ...  Ils se nourrissent de graines & d'Insectes. Ils font leur nid dans les trous des murs." (Brisson 1760): based on "Passer" and "Passer domesticus" of many authors (Brisson lists over 20 species and forms of 'Moineau'); "Passer Brisson, 1760, Orn., 1, p. 36 [; 3, p. 71]. Type, by subsequent designation (Gray, 1840, List Gen. Birds, ed. 1, p. 46), Fringilla domestica Linnaeus." (Greenway in Peters 1962, XV, 8).  No thanks to positive introduction, the House Sparrow, with a natural Palaearctic and western Indomalayan range, is now found throughout the world as a commensal of man. If the New Zealand wrens (Acanthisittiformes) and the tyrants and allies (Subosciniformes) are separated from the Passeriformes sens. lat. the remaining species could be titled Osciniformes.
Synon. Ammopasser, Auripasser, Caffropasser, Chrysospiza, Corospiza, Leucophrya, Megapasser, Pseudostruthus, Pyrgita, Pyrgitopsis, Salicipasser, Sorella.

L. passer, passeris  sparrow.

L. luteus  saffron-yellow  < lutum  saffron (cf. Late Med. L. luteus or lutea  bird mentioned by Turner 1544, which he associated with the Yellowhammer).
● ex “Yellow-shouldered Parrot” of Latham 1781 (unident. ?Amazona sp?).
● ex “Perruche jaune de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 525, and “Guarouba” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Guarouba guarouba).
● ex “Alia Xochitenacatl” of Nieremberg 1635, “An other sort of Xochitenacatl, Toucan or Brasilian Pye” of Willughby 1676, “Tucana lutea” of Brisson 1760, “Aracari à bec noir” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black-billed Toucan” of Latham 1781 (unident.).