Protonym: Leucopternis princeps Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt2 p.429 pl.24
Taxonomy: Accipitriformes / Accipitridae / Morphnarchus
Taxonomy Code: barhaw1
Type Locality: Costa Rica.
Author: Sclater, PL
Publish Year: 1865
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Accipitridae; Ϯ Barred Hawk M. princeps) Gr. μορφνος morphnos dark-coloured; αρχος arkhos leader, chief < αρχω arkhō to rule; "MORPHNARCHUS gen. nov. (Buteonidæ) TYPE: Leucopternis princeps Sclater. Similar to Leucopternis Kaup but differing in relatively shorter and stouter tarsus (less than twice as long as middle toe without claw), circular nostril, cuneate feathers of head and neck, and very different coloration, the head, neck, chest and upper parts plain black, the under parts (posterior to chest) white narrowly barred with black; loral and orbital regions nearly nude. (Mορφνος, dusky, dark; αρχος, a leader or chief.)" (Ridgway 1920).
L. princeps, principis prince, chief, leader < primus foremost < super. prior, prius first; capere to take.
● Jules Laurent Lucien, later called Charles Lucien Jules Laurent 2nd Prince of Canino and Musignano and Prince Bonaparte (1803-1857) French ornithologist, taxonomist, collector (Actenoides).
● Bismarck Range, Papua New Guinea (German prinz prince; named after Otto Eduard Leopold Prinz von Bismarck-Schönhausen (1815-1898); the four highest peaks were named after him and his children, Marie, Herbert and Wilhelm) (Melidectes).
● "I therefore propose to name the Massachusetts bird Passerculus princeps, the large barren ground sparrow" (Maynard 1872); ex “Centronyx bairdii” of Maynard 1868 (subsp. Passerculus sandwichensis).
● Príncipe I., Gulf of Guinea (Portuguese príncipe prince; named after Príncipe João of Portugal (1455-1495)) (Ploceus, subsp. Psittacus erithacus).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)