Blue-bellied Roller / Coracias cyanogaster

Blue-bellied Roller / Coracias cyanogaster

Blue-bellied Roller

SCI Name:  Coracias cyanogaster
Protonym:  Coracias cyanogaster Règne Anim. 1 p.401
Taxonomy:  Coraciiformes / Coraciidae /
Taxonomy Code:  blbrol1
Type Locality:  Java, error = Senegal.
Publish Year:  1816
IUCN Status:  


(Coraciidae; European Roller C. garrulus) Gr. κορακιας korakias  type of crow or daw, perhaps a chough  < κοραξ korax, κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak; the European Roller has a distinctive rolling or tumbling display flight, from which it received its substantive English name;  “A genus nearly related to the Crow. Thence Linnaeus calls it Coracias: A word of Aristotle’s applied only to what we call the Cornish chough” (Pennant 1773); the rollers were formerly included in the Corvidae next to the jays Garrulus and choughs; "49. CORACIAS.  Rostrum cultratum apice incurvato, basi pennis denudatum.  Lingua cartilaginea, bifida." (Linnaeus 1758); "Coracias Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 107.  Type, by subsequent designation, Coracias garrulus Linné. (Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 13 1)   ...   1 In list Gen. Bds., 1840 and ed. 2, 1841, Gray designates Coracias abyssinica Gm. as type of the genus, a designation that is invalid since this was not one of the orignally included species." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 241).  This is the tenth diagnosed genus in avian taxonomy.  Linnaeus's Coracias comprised six species (C. Garrulus, C. caffra, C. Oriolus, C. Galbula, C. aurea, C. Xanthornus).   
Var. Coracius, Coriacias, Caracias.   
Synon. Ampelis, Coraciura, Eucoracias, Galgulus, Titia, Trimenornis.

Gr. κορακιας korakias  type of crow or daw  < κοραξ korax, κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak (syn. Coracias garrulus).

cyanogaster / cyanogastra
Gr. κυανος kuanos  dark-blue; γαστηρ gastēr, γαστρος gastros  belly (cf. L. cyanos  lapis lazuli; gaster, gasteris  belly).
● ex “Rollier à Ventre Bleu” of Levaillant 1806 (Coracias).