Campbell Islands Shag / Phalacrocorax campbelli

Campbell Islands Shag / Phalacrocorax campbelli

Campbell Islands Shag

SCI Name:  Phalacrocorax campbelli
Protonym:  Urile campbelli Bull.Soc.Philom.(7), 2 p.133,text
Taxonomy:  Suliformes / Phalacrocoracidae /
Taxonomy Code:  caisha2
Type Locality:  Campbell Island.
Publish Year:  1878
IUCN Status:  


(Phalacrocoracidae; Ϯ Great Cormorant P. carbo) L. phalacrocorax, phalacrocoracis  cormorant  < Gr. φαλακροκοραξ phalakrokorax,  φαλακροκορακος phalakrokorakos  cormorant  < φαλακρος phalakros  bald-headed  < φαλος phalos  white; ακρος akros  topmost; κοραξ korax, κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak; "LE CORMORAN  ...  PHALACROCORAX  ...  Juxta maris littora versatur, paludesque frequentat. Modo in rupibus, modo in arboribus excelsis nidificat" (Brisson 1760): based on "Phalacrocorax" and "Corvus aquaticus" of many authors, "Carbo aquaticus" of Gessner 1555, and Linnaeus 1748, "Morfex" of Gessner 1555, Aldrovandus 1599-1603, Jonston 1650-1653, and Charleton 1668, "Nonnullis" of Gessner 1555, Schwenckfeld 1603, and Klein 1750, "Pelecanus subtus albicans" of Linnaeus 1746, "Plancus Corvus" of Klein 1750, and Pelecanus Carbo Linnaeus, 1758; "Phalacrocorax Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 60. Type, by tautonymy, Phalacrocorax = Pelecanus carbo Linné." (Peters 1931, 1, 85). The Great Cormorant was formerly trained in England to catch fish, but that necessary pastime can now only be seen in the Far East.   
Var. PhalaciocoraxPhalocrocorax, Phalarocorax, Phelacrocorax.   
Synon. Anacarbo, Botaurites, Carbo, Carbonarius, Compsohalieus, Cormoranus, Dilophalieus, Ecmeles, Enygrotheres, Euleucocarbo, Graculus, Graucalus, Gripeus, Gulosus, Halieus, Hydrocorax, Hypoleucus, Leucocarbo, Mesocarbo, Nannopterum, Nesocarbo, Notocarbo, Oligocorax, Pallasicarbo, Paracorax, Pliocarbo, Poikilocarbo, Pseudocarbo, Stictocarbo, Urile, Viguacarbo.
● (syn. Rynchops Ϯ Black Skimmer R. niger) "109. ZWEMMERGANS, in het Latyn Phalacrocorax.  Vogel van Madras met een scheermes-snabel.  PETIVER by RAY. Syn. Av. 194. f. 5." (Moehring 1758).

L. phalacrocorax, phalacrocoracis  cormorant  < Gr. φαλακροκοραξ phalakrokorax, φαλακροκορακος phalakrokorakos  cormorant  < φαλακρος phalakros  bald-headed  < φαλος phalos  white; ακρος akros  topmost; κοραξ korax, κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak.
● ex Phalacrocorax Brisson, 1760 (syn. Phalacrocorax carbo).

● Charles William Campbell (1861-1927) British diplomat, traveller in China and Mongolia (Arborophila).
● Archibald James Campbell (1853-1929) Australian ornithologist, collector (syn. Atrichornis clamosus, syn. Myiagra alecto wardelli, syn. Pardalotus striatus substriatus, subsp. Petroica boodang, syn. Phoebetria fusca, subsp. Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (ex Meliornis novaehollandiae halmaturina Campbell, 1906), syn. Zapornia tabuensis).
● Robert Watt Campbell (fl. 2017) Scottish ornithologist, ringer (subsp. Chenorhamphus grayi).
● Dr Archibald Campbell (1805-1874) Scottish physician in the Bengal Medical Service, botanist, explorer (syn. Muscicapella hodgsoni).
● Col. W. A. Campbell (1880-1962) South African Army, business magnate, big-game hunter (subsp. Peliperdix coqui).
● Campbell I., Southern Ocean (Phalacrocorax).
● “I would dedicate it to Mr. Campbell, the keeper of the lighthouse [Lighthouse I., Chefoo, China], to whom I am indebted for many good birds during this spring season of migration” (Swinhoe 1873) (syn. Turdus hortulorum).