Campo Troupial / Icterus jamacaii

Campo Troupial / Icterus jamacaii

Campo Troupial

SCI Name:  Icterus jamacaii
Protonym:  O.[riolus] Jamacaii Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.391
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Icteridae /
Taxonomy Code:  camtro1
Type Locality:  'in Brasiha''; Ceara suggested by Hellmayr, 1929, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 12, p. 276.
Publish Year:  1788
IUCN Status:  


(Icteridae; Ϯ Venezuelan Troupial I. icterus) L. icterus Golden Oriole < Gr. ικτερος ikteros  yellow bird, perhaps the Golden Oriole, the sight of which was supposed to cure jaundice; "Genus Icteri.(1) ...  (1) Icterus, a colore luteo plurimarum hujus generis specierum ...  Le genre du Troupiale.(1)  ...  (1) Troupiale, nom qu'on donne en Amérique à quelques especes de ce genre  ...  ICTERUS" (Brisson 1760): based on "Guira-Tangeima Brasiliensibus" of Marcgrave 1648, "Xanthornus major, nigro varius" of Browne 1725, "Pica luteo-nigra varia" of Sloane 1725, and Klein 1750, "Picus major ... nidum suspendens" of Barrére 1741, "Yellow and Black Pye" of Catesby 1731, "Cissa Americana" of Barrère 1745, "Cissa nigra cirrata, cauda lutea" of Linnaeus 1748, and other references; "Icterus Brisson, 1760, Ornithologie, 1, p. 30; 2, p. 85. Type, by tautonymy, Icterus Brisson = Oriolus icterus Linnaeus." (Blake in Peters 1968, XIV, 149). The bright-orange Venezuelan Troupial is a declining species, thanks to trapping for the cage-bird market.   
Synon. Andriopsar, Aporophantes, Ateleopsar, Bananivorus, Cassiculoides, Euopsar, Icterioides, Melanopsar, Pendulinus, Poliopsar, Rhyndace, Trupialis, Xanthornus, Yphantes.

L. icterus Golden Oriole < Gr. ικτερος ikteros yellow bird.
● ex “Troupiale” of Brisson 1760 (Icterus).
● ex “Pie-grièche Blanchot” of Levaillant 1810, pl. 285 (syn. Malaconotus blanchoti).
● Gr. ικτερος ikteros jaundice-yellow (syn. Ochrospiza mozambica).

According to Marcgrave 1648, Jamacaii is the Brazilian name for the Campo Troupial ("IAMACAII Brasiliensibus"); no such name or similar is listed in Garcia 1929, so the epithet may have been given to the bird by Portuguese settlers; ex “Jamacaii” of Marcgrave 1648, Willughby 1676, and Salerne 1767, “Carouge du Brésil” of Brisson 1760, and “Brasilian Oriole” of Latham 1782 (Icterus).