Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper / Xiphorhynchus pardalotus

Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper / Xiphorhynchus pardalotus

Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper

SCI Name:  Xiphorhynchus pardalotus
Protonym:  Dendrocopus pardalotus Nouv.Dict.Hist.Nat. 26 p.117
Category:  Passeriformes / Furnariidae /
Taxonomy Code:  chrwoo1
Type Locality:  Cayenne.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1818
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

XIPHORHYNCHUS
(Furnariidae; Ivory-billed Woodcreeper X. flavigaster) Gr. ξιφος xiphos  sword; ῥυγχος rhunkhos  bill; "G. XIPHORHYNCHUS.  Swains. in Zool. Journ. No. 10.   85. Xiphorhynchus leucogaster.  ...  bill one inch and a half long, slender, pale, the upper mandible brown.  ...   86. Xiphorhynchus flavigaster.  ...  bill long, strong, brown, slightly curved." (Swainson 1827); "Xiphorhynchus Swainson, Philos. Mag. (n.s.), 1, June, 1827, p. 440.  Type, by subsequent designation, Xiphorhynchus flavigaster Swainson (Oberholser, Smiths. Misc. Coll., 48, 1905, p. 52)." (Peters, 1951, VII, p. 36).
Var. Xiphorynchus, Xyphorhynchus, Ziphorhynchus, Ziphorynchus.
Synon. Dendrornis, Picolaptes, Talapius, Thripobrotus.
• (Furnariidaesyn. Campylorhamphus † Black-billed Scythebill C. falcularius) "XIPHORHYNCHUSRostrum gracile, elongatum, compressissimum, falcatum, immarginatum.  Bill slender, long, much compressed, falcated and entire.  Type. Dend. procurvus. Temm., Pl. col.. 28.   By this form, the passage is marked from Dendrocolaptes to Certhia.  The species appear numerous.  I possess four from Brazil, and three from Mexico." (Swainson 1827); "Xiphorhynchus (not of SWAINSON, June 1827) SWAINSON, Zool. Journ., 3, No. 11, p. 334, Sept.-Dec. 1827—type by orig. desig. Dendrocolaptes procurvus TEMMINCK [= Dendrocopus falcularius Vieillot]." (Hellmayr, 1925, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IV, p. 339).

PARDALOTUS
(Pardalotidae; Ϯ Spotted Pardalote P. punctatus) French Pardalote  pardalote  <  Gr. παρδαλωτος pardalōtos  spotted like a leopard  < παρδαλος pardalos  leopard (cf. "Παρδαλωτος, spotted like a panther. I think the original name was pardalonotusπαρδαλος, spotted, νωτον, back: a very applicable designation" (Ashmolean 1836)); "PARDALOTE, Pardalotus.  Pipra, Lath.  Bec très-court, un peu robuste, à base dilatée sur les bords, entier, conoïde, épais à la pointe; mandibule supérieure un peu arquée; l'inférieure convexe en dessous.   Esp. Pipra punctata, Lath." (Vieillot 1816); "Pardalotus Vieillot, 1816, Analyse, p. 31. Type, by monotypy, Pipra punctata Shaw and Nodder." (Salomonsen in Peters 1967, XII, 202).
Var. ParadalotusPardalotis, Pardolotus.
Synon. Dipardalotus, Nesopardalotus, Pardalotinus, Spizites.

pardalotus
Gr. παρδαλωτος pardalōtos  spotted like a leopard  < παρδαλος pardalos  leopard.
● ex “Grimpar Flambé” of Levaillant 1807 (Xiphorhynchus).

SUBSPECIES

Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper (caurensis)
SCI Name: Xiphorhynchus pardalotus caurensis
caurensis
Río Caura, Venezuela.

Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper (pardalotus)
SCI Name: Xiphorhynchus pardalotus pardalotus
PARDALOTUS
(Pardalotidae; Ϯ Spotted Pardalote P. punctatus) French Pardalote  pardalote  <  Gr. παρδαλωτος pardalōtos  spotted like a leopard  < παρδαλος pardalos  leopard (cf. "Παρδαλωτος, spotted like a panther. I think the original name was pardalonotusπαρδαλος, spotted, νωτον, back: a very applicable designation" (Ashmolean 1836)); "PARDALOTE, Pardalotus.  Pipra, Lath.  Bec très-court, un peu robuste, à base dilatée sur les bords, entier, conoïde, épais à la pointe; mandibule supérieure un peu arquée; l'inférieure convexe en dessous.   Esp. Pipra punctata, Lath." (Vieillot 1816); "Pardalotus Vieillot, 1816, Analyse, p. 31. Type, by monotypy, Pipra punctata Shaw and Nodder." (Salomonsen in Peters 1967, XII, 202).
Var. ParadalotusPardalotis, Pardolotus.
Synon. Dipardalotus, Nesopardalotus, Pardalotinus, Spizites.