Protonym: Schistes albogularis Contrib.Orn.[Jardine] p.140
Category: Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae / Schistes
Taxonomy Code: webhum3
Type Locality: Quito, Ecuador = west side of Pichincha at 6000 feet, ex Monogr. Trochil., pt. 6, 1853.
Publish Year: 1852
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Eastern Wedge-billed Hummingbird S. geoffroyi) Mod. L. schistes with a wedge < Gr. σχιζω skhizō to cleave, to split; "SCHISTES ALBOGULARIS, GOULD. ... Remark. This species is very nearly allied to the Trochilus geoffroyi of authors, which with the present bird I have deemed it requisite to raise to the rank of a genus." (Gould 1851); "In its singular wedge-shaped bill ... it differs from the members of all the previously established genera of this family ... I feel certain that this peculiarity in the form of the bill is adapted for some especial purpose." (Gould 1861); "Schistes Gould, in Jardine's Contr. Orn., 1851, p. 140. Type, by subsequent designation, Trochilus geoffroyi Bourcier. (G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 24.)" (Peters 1945, V, 126).
albogulare / albogularis
L. albus white; Mod. L. gularis throated, of the throat < L. gula throat.
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)