American White Pelican / Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

American White Pelican / Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

American White Pelican

SCI Name:  Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Protonym:  Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Syst.Nat. 1 pt2 p.571
Category:  Pelecaniformes / Pelecanidae /
Taxonomy Code:  amwpel
Type Locality:  North America = Hudson Bay and New York, ex Latham, Syn., 3, 2, p. 586, no. 8.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1789
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PELECANUS
(Pelecanidae; Ϯ Great White Pelican P. onocrotalus) Gr. πελεκαν pelekan, πελεκανος pelekanos  pelican; "66. PELECANUS.  Rostrum edentulum, rectum: apice adunco, unguiculato.  Nares lineares, obliteratæ.  Facies nudiuscula.  Pedes digitis omnibus quatuor simul palmatis." (Linnaeus 1758); "Pelecanus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, p. 132. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1840, List Gen. Birds, p. 80), Pelecanus onocrotalus Linnaeus." (Dorst & Mougin in Peters 1979, I, ed. 2, 188). Linnaeus's Pelecanus comprised five species (P. Onocrotalus, P. Aquilus, P. Carbo, P. Bassanus, P. Piscator).
Var. Pelicanus, Pilecanus, Pelecanis.
Synon. Alcatras, Catoptropelicanus, Cyrtopelicanus, Leptopelicanus, Metapelecanus, Neopelecanus, Onocrotalus, Sacrificator.
● (syn. Fregata Ϯ Ascension Frigatebird F. aquila) "197. PELICANUS.  Tail forked.  P. aquilus, or Frigatebird." (Fleming 1822).
● (syn. Platalea Ϯ Eurasian Spoonbill P. leucorodia) "60. LEPELAAR, PELIKAAN, in 't Latyn Pelecanus.  By den Heer LINNÆUS geplaatst onder de Eenden met den naam van Platea. Syst. Nat. geslacht 48" (Moehring 1758).

pelecanus
L. pelecanus  pelican  < Gr. πελεκαν pelekan, πελεκανος pelekanos  pelican.

erythrorhyncha / erythrorhynchos / erythrorhynchum / erythrorhynchus / erythroryncha / erythrorynchos / erythrorynchus
Gr. ερυθρος eruthros red; ῥυγχος rhunkhos bill.
● ex “Crimson-billed Duck” of Latham 1785 (Anas).
● ex “Red-billed Creeper” of Latham 1787 (Dicaeum).
● ex “Saw-billed Pelican” and “Rough-billed Pelican” of Latham 1785 (Pelecanus).
● ex “Red-billed Promerops” of Latham 1787 (syn. Phoeniculus purpureus).
● ex “Red-beaked Toucan” of Edwards 1758, and Latham 1781, and “Tucana cayennensis gutture albo” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Ramphastos tucanus).
● ex “Calao à becque rouge du Sénégal” of Brisson 1760 (Tockus).
● ex “Geay de la Chine à bec rouge” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 622, and “Red-billed Jay” of Latham 1781 (Urocissa).