Crested Bellbird / Oreoica gutturalis

Crested Bellbird / Oreoica gutturalis

Crested Bellbird

SCI Name:  Oreoica gutturalis
Protonym:  Falcunculus gutturalis Trans.Linn.Soc.London(1), 15(1826) p.212
Category:  Passeriformes / Oreoicidae /
Taxonomy Code:  crebel1
Type Locality:  'Kent''s Group, Bass Straits'' (see Hindwood, 1942, Emu, 42, p. 119).
Author:  
Publish Year:  1827
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

OREOICA
(Oreoicidae; Ϯ Crested Bellbird O. gutturalis) Gr. ορειοικος oreioikos  mountain-dwelling  < ορος oros, ορεος oreos  mountain; οικος oikos  dwelling  < οικεω oikeō  to inhabit; "The specimen of this species in the Society's collection is in very indifferent condition, and the upper mandible has unfortunately been mutilated. We cannot therefore refer it with certainty to the present genus [Falcunculus]  ... This bird was presented to the Society by Mr. Brown, and was procured by that gentleman at Kent's Group [Bass Strait], December 1803" (Vigors & Horsfield 1827); "Family ——?  Genus OREOÏCA.  GEN. CHAR.  Bill shorter than the head, stout, compressed laterally, and notched at the tip; culmen bent gradually downwards from the base; lower mandible nearly as stout as the upper; nostrils basal, round, and nearly covered with very fine short hair-like feathers directed forwards, among which are intermingled a few long fine hairs; wings rather long, the first quill short, the third the longest; tertiaries very long, and nearly equalling the primaries; tail short and very slightly rounded; tarsi moderately long and stout, entire posteriorly, and defended anteriorly with hard scuta; feet adapted for the ground; toes very short, particularly the hind toe, inner toe rather shorter than the outer; claws short, and nearly straight.  Type. Falcunculus gutturalis, Vig and Horsf." (Gould 1838). The Crested Bellbird was erroneously described from rocky islands in the Bass Strait, but is commoner in drier inland habitats of Australia.
Var. Oreica, Oreoeca.

gutturalis
Med. L. gutturalis  of the throat  < L. guttur, gutturis  throat.
● ex “Plastron Noir” of Levaillant 1801-1804, pl. 123 (syn. Apalis thoracica).
● ex “Manakin à gorge blanche” of Brisson 1760 (Corapipo).
● ex “Guttural Thrush” of Latham 1787 (syn. Pachycephala pectoralis).
● ex “Martinet à Gorge Blanche” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 243 (syn. Tachymarptis melba africana).
● ex “Merle à collier du cap de bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 272 (syn. Telophorus zeylonus).

SUBSPECIES

Crested Bellbird (gutturalis)
SCI Name: Oreoica gutturalis gutturalis
gutturalis
Med. L. gutturalis  of the throat  < L. guttur, gutturis  throat.
● ex “Plastron Noir” of Levaillant 1801-1804, pl. 123 (syn. Apalis thoracica).
● ex “Manakin à gorge blanche” of Brisson 1760 (Corapipo).
● ex “Guttural Thrush” of Latham 1787 (syn. Pachycephala pectoralis).
● ex “Martinet à Gorge Blanche” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 243 (syn. Tachymarptis melba africana).
● ex “Merle à collier du cap de bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 272 (syn. Telophorus zeylonus).

Crested Bellbird (pallescens)
SCI Name: Oreoica gutturalis pallescens
pallescens
L. pallescens, pallescentis  pale-coloured, yellowish  < pallescere  to turn pale  <  pallere  to be pale.