Crested Bobwhite / Colinus cristatus

Crested Bobwhite / Colinus cristatus

Crested Bobwhite

SCI Name:  Colinus cristatus
Protonym:  Tetrao cristatus Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.277
Category:  Galliformes / Odontophoridae /
Taxonomy Code:  crebob1
Type Locality:  Mexico, Guiana = Curaçao.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

COLINUS
(Odontophoridae; Ϯ Northern Bobwhite C. virginianus) Nahuatl/Aztec name Zōlin for a quail. Hernandez 1651, has Colinicuiltic, which name was contracted by de Buffon 1770-1783, to “Colin” and early used in North America for the Bobwhites (cf. names Ocōzōlin and Tepēzōlin for a partridge, and Āzōlin for a snipe); "e. Colinus.  Colin.  Schnabel kürzer und mehr gewölbt; Schwanz deutlicher. Sitzen im Gesträuche.  P. mexicana. Caille de la Louisiane. Pl. Enl. 149.  Frisch. t. 113.  Füße und Schnabel blutroth, Kopf schwarz, Kehle weiß, Körper oben braunroth, Schwanz gewellt, unten weißlich, mit schwarzen Strichen." (Goldfuss 1820); "Colinus Goldfuss, Handb. Zool., 2, 1820, p. 220. Type, by monotypy, "Perdix mexicanus, Caille de la Louisiana [sic], pl. Enl. no. 149" = Tetrao virginianus Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 46).
Var. Colina, Colinia.
Synon. Eupsychortyx, Gnathodon, Neortyx, Ortygia, Ortyx.

cristatum / cristatus
L. cristatus  crested, plumed, tufted  < crista  crest, plume, tuft.
● ex “Quauhtzonecolin” of Hernandez 1651, “Coturnix indica” of Ray 1713, and “Caille hupée du Méxique” of Brisson 1760 (Colinus).
ex “Figuier huppé de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 391, fig. 1, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Crested Warbler” of Latham 1783 (syn. Colopteryx galeatus).
● ex “Moineau de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 224, fig. 3, “Friquet huppé” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black-faced Finch” of Latham 1783 (syn. Coryphospingus cucullatus).
● ex “Drongo” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 166 (syn. Dicrurus forficatus).
● "43. LANIUS.  ...  cristatus.  1. L. cauda cuneiformi, capite cristato, corpore rufescente, subtus fulvo fuscoque undulato.  Lanius fulvus cristatus. Edw. av. 54. t. 54.  Habitat in Benghala." (Linnaeus 1758). Edwards' 1747, “Crested Red or Russit Butcher-Bird,” is from a drawing of a dishevelled dead bird shown with a crest (Lanius).
● "100. PARUS.  ...  cristatus.  1. P. capite cristato. Fn. svec. 239.  Parus cristatus. Gesn. av. 642. f. med. Aldr. orn. l. 17. c. 20. Will. orn. 175. t. 43. Raj. av. 74. n. 6. Alb. av. 2. p. 53. t. 57. f. 2. Frisch. av. . . t. 14. f. 2.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Lophophanes).
● ex "Tangara noir hupé de Cayenne" of Brisson 1760 (Loriotus).
● ex “Hoactzin” of Willughby 1676, and Ray 1713, “Crax fuscus mexicanus” of Brisson 1760, “Faisan huppé de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 337, “Hoazin” of de Buffon 1770-1782, and “Crested Pheasant” of Latham 1783 (syn. Opisthocomus hoazin).
● "60. TROCHILUS.  ...  cristatus.  17. T. rectirostris viridis, alis fuscis, abdomine cinereo, crista cærulescente.  Mellivora minor cristata. Edw. av. 37. t. 37.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Orthorhyncus).
● ex “Merula Sinensis cristata minor” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Otocompsa jocosa).
● "87. PAVO.  ...  cristatus.  1. P. capite crista erecta.  Pavo cauda longa. Fn. svec. 163.  Pavo. Gesn. av. 656. Aldr. orn. l. 13. c. 1. Jonst. av. 56. t. 22. Will. orn. 112. t. 27. Raj. av. 51.  Habitat in India orientali, Zeylona.  Mas remigibus primoribus ferrugineis, ejulans, vindicans, superbus, togam dorsalem gemmantibus ocellis, naturæ miraculo pictam erigendamque, tertio anno acquirit, qua nihil pulchrius, sub canicula dejicit. Femina curat pullos in proximas nuptias. Sambucci floribus occiditur." (Linnaeus 1758) (Pavo).
● "68. COLYMBUS.  ...  cristatus.  2. C. pedibus lobato-fissis, capite rufo, collari nigro, remigibus secundariis albis. Fn. svec. 122.  Colymbus major cristatus s. cornutus. Gesn. av. 139. Aldr. ornith. l. 19. c. 52. Will. orn. 257. t. 61. Raj. av. 124. Marsil. danub. 80. t. 38.  Habitat in Europa." (Linnaeus 1758) (Podiceps).
● ex “Cassicus cristatus” of Brisson 1760, “Cassique huppé de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 344, and “Crested Oriole” of Latham 1782 (syn. Psarocolius decumanus).
● ex "Pluvier armé du Sénégal" of d'Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 800 (syn. Vanellus senegallus).
● "79. CHARADRIUS.  ...  cristatus.  1. C. gula pileo pectoreque nigris, occipite cristato, dorso testaceo, pedibus nigris.  Pluvialis indicus, pectore nigro. Edw. av. 47. t. 47.  Habitat in Persia.  Simillimus est Tringæ Vanello." (Linnaeus 1758) (syn. Vanellus spinosus).
● ex “Vultur leporarius” of Gessner 1555, and Ray 1713, “Vultur cristatus” of Brisson 1760, “Vautour à aigrettes” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Hare Vulture” of Latham 1781 (unident.).
● see cristata

SUBSPECIES

Crested Bobwhite (Spot-bellied)
SCI Name: Colinus cristatus [leucopogon Group]
COLINUS
(Odontophoridae; Ϯ Northern Bobwhite C. virginianus) Nahuatl/Aztec name Zōlin for a quail. Hernandez 1651, has Colinicuiltic, which name was contracted by de Buffon 1770-1783, to “Colin” and early used in North America for the Bobwhites (cf. names Ocōzōlin and Tepēzōlin for a partridge, and Āzōlin for a snipe); "e. Colinus.  Colin.  Schnabel kürzer und mehr gewölbt; Schwanz deutlicher. Sitzen im Gesträuche.  P. mexicana. Caille de la Louisiane. Pl. Enl. 149.  Frisch. t. 113.  Füße und Schnabel blutroth, Kopf schwarz, Kehle weiß, Körper oben braunroth, Schwanz gewellt, unten weißlich, mit schwarzen Strichen." (Goldfuss 1820); "Colinus Goldfuss, Handb. Zool., 2, 1820, p. 220. Type, by monotypy, "Perdix mexicanus, Caille de la Louisiana [sic], pl. Enl. no. 149" = Tetrao virginianus Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 46).
Var. Colina, Colinia.
Synon. Eupsychortyx, Gnathodon, Neortyx, Ortygia, Ortyx.

Crested Bobwhite (Crested)
SCI Name: Colinus cristatus [cristatus Group]
COLINUS
(Odontophoridae; Ϯ Northern Bobwhite C. virginianus) Nahuatl/Aztec name Zōlin for a quail. Hernandez 1651, has Colinicuiltic, which name was contracted by de Buffon 1770-1783, to “Colin” and early used in North America for the Bobwhites (cf. names Ocōzōlin and Tepēzōlin for a partridge, and Āzōlin for a snipe); "e. Colinus.  Colin.  Schnabel kürzer und mehr gewölbt; Schwanz deutlicher. Sitzen im Gesträuche.  P. mexicana. Caille de la Louisiane. Pl. Enl. 149.  Frisch. t. 113.  Füße und Schnabel blutroth, Kopf schwarz, Kehle weiß, Körper oben braunroth, Schwanz gewellt, unten weißlich, mit schwarzen Strichen." (Goldfuss 1820); "Colinus Goldfuss, Handb. Zool., 2, 1820, p. 220. Type, by monotypy, "Perdix mexicanus, Caille de la Louisiana [sic], pl. Enl. no. 149" = Tetrao virginianus Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 46).
Var. Colina, Colinia.
Synon. Eupsychortyx, Gnathodon, Neortyx, Ortygia, Ortyx.